Home | News    Tuesday 24 April 2012

Carter calls for UN force for north-south border

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April 24 (LONDON) - Former US president Jimmy Carter has said that he believes Sudan and South Sudan should accept UN peacekeepers on either side of their contested border, which has seen serious fighting over the last month.

South Sudan’s president Salva Kiir suggested, while his troops still occupied the Heglig oil region, that peacekeepers be deployed to the area before he ordered a withdrawal. Juba says that the contested area, which it says is part of South Sudan, is being used by the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) to launch attacks on Unity State.

Sudan’s president Bashir visited the area on Monday rejecting the prospect of talks with Juba saying that they only understood "the language of the gun".

Speaking to Al Jazeera Carter said: "I believe that both Bashir in the north and Kiir in the south would go along with a ceasefire as long as they knew that there were international peacekeepers along the border".

There are already three UN peacekeeping missions operating in Sudan and South Sudan but none with the mandate to monitor the border.

Khartoum refused to allow the mandate of the former UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) to be extended after South Sudan’s secession last year. South Sudan’s referendum in January 2011 and independence six months later were key parts of the north-south peace deal that UNMIS was mandated to help the two sides implement.

However, many aspects of the deal were not completed before South Sudan’s separation, including demarcating the border, which the two sides are now fighting over.

Khartoum and Juba also have not agreed a new oil deal to replace arrangements during the six year period of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. This too is now a source of tension between the two sides.

South Sudan stopped production altogether in January depriving itself and Khartoum of valuable revenue. After South Sudan’s army (SPLA) took control of Heglig Khartoum also lost over half of its oil production. Damage to the oil fields and the haste with which production was stopped means that it will some time before it is resumed.

Juba claims that Heglig was not placed in Sudan by an international ruling in 2009 arguing that it was only placed outside of Abyei - another disputed territory - but not necessarily in South Kordofan.

On the same day as South Sudan’s plebiscite in January 2011 Abyei was due to hold a vote to decide whether it would join South Sudan. However, political differences over who could vote meant it was delayed and after a clash in May last year the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) took over the area.

In June 2011 UN resolution 1990 established the the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) consisting of over 4,000 Ethiopian troops.

In South Sudan after independence the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) was established, tasked with consolidating peace and security and helping to establish conditions for development in the world’s newest nation.

This has meant that in the recent border clashes the UN has been able to monitor events on the southern side of the border but not north of the border.

Carter’s suggestion will face many challenges. Not only is Khartoum likely to be reticent to another UN mission but the UN Security Council would have to agree on the force’s mandate - often a lengthy process.

In Sudan there is a joint African Union/United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), which replaced the African Union mission in 2007. UNAMID’s core mandate is to protect civilians from the nine year conflict in the western region.

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PDF - 52.4 kb
UN Security Council resolution 1996 (2011) on 8 July 2011 establishing the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS)
PDF - 36.9 kb
UN Security Council resolution 1990 of 27 June 2011 establishing the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA)
PDF - 44.9 kb
UN Security Council resolution 1769 of 31 July 2007 establishing the African Union/UN Hybrid operation in Darfur, referred to by its acronym UNAMID
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  • 24 April 2012 09:27, by backtoschool

    Jimmy Cater should mark the withdrawal of SAF from Abyei & Hilleig & allow peacekeeping force in two areas.

    SPLA withdraw from Hillieg in diplomatic senses otherwise .

    repondre message

    • 24 April 2012 11:05, by codewizards

      Bashir will bomb the US if this happens. He can refuse and no one will ask him because he is the king of the world like his friend Osama Bin Laden. But this time, we must fight Bashir (If Kiir allows) and the IC will now come and condemn us as they always do. We are a nation and no reason to put us under Sudan minimizing our rights as S. Sudanese.

      repondre message

    • 24 April 2012 14:26, by kingdom

      Hi, the super powers are not interested complete solution to two sudans problems its sources of their market solution. they ever reluctance to warrying parties but just talking of imposing sanctions which arab world don’t care.

      repondre message

  • 24 April 2012 09:35, by Tahrir Brown

    Yeah! you are correct Mr.President but you the so called International Community got prejudice when coming to giving S Sdn its’ rights & pckeeping ’ll not be the soln otherwise Bashir shld stop terrifying S Sdn.

    repondre message

  • 24 April 2012 09:39, by Legacy Elites

    It won’t work because there is no political and miltary will to be tough on ’jalaba’ they allowed Abyei to be occupied, and they allowed Riek Machar to repeat Bor1991 in Pibor while they(UN) were watching

    repondre message

    • 24 April 2012 11:51, by Otong

      @lLegacy
      1991, incident can not be reminded this time while South has a problem with other country,this show to other people that Dinka Bor like only food, where people are dying you don’t go to be killed just where food is kept is where Bor used to died.You are remembering only food of 1991, distroyed by Dr. Riek’s faction? How many food you have eaten upto now.( MURMOK)!

      repondre message

      • 24 April 2012 14:47, by Peacocktail

        Pls Otong,

        Stop attacking your own tribes, Dinka being Bor, please they have enough than what they need. Dignity First.Our Focus is on Khartuom not SOutherners issues now. Never Try to do that any time.

        SPLA Oyee, We must go BACK to PANTHOU under Our President Decree executed by our Pride Army SPLA.

        repondre message

    • 24 April 2012 13:12, by kingdom

      @Legacy
      Now what hell is your ideas to united population of South S? YOU keep posting that 1991 Pibor incident do you meant to cause disunity at this critical time of war with the Arabs?
      stop that plz.

      repondre message

    • 24 April 2012 13:41, by Kuet Teny

      Why? Are you mad man? Whom do you really expect to depend your Dinka dominated government in Juba? pliz you are known to all southerners.you like other to go to war so as to depend your corrupt government. on the first day of heglig war all Dinkas soldiers ran away fearing to face the heat of battle. They left other tribes fighting and ran to where food is. Shame on you bastards.

      repondre message

      • 24 April 2012 13:55, by kingdom

        @Kuet Teny,
        are you sure of what you said?
        did you visit juba hospital when Heglig victims were brought? which tribes were they? only Darfur man was from different tribe. to be strong against Khartoum plz lets unite.

        repondre message

  • 24 April 2012 10:49, by codewizards

    Mr. President. You are right to talk peace but it is too much for you to implement. The UN or UNAMID/UNIMISS are all useless and harmless to Bashir. Their troops are being killed in a cool war! I know you will never understand me, yet What you say will never come to pass. You must draw the International Border of Sudan and South Sudan(56)if you really want to do something that brings lasting peace

    repondre message

  • 24 April 2012 10:53, by codewizards

    The 1956 border of Sudan and South Sudan must be the point to discuss nothing else will bring peace to these two nations apart from this. But the International Community left this important issue behind until Independence of S. Sudan. Do you think this will not bring another war? You know Mr Carter, but you have no power to decide the border because Bashir will terrorize you!

    repondre message

  • 24 April 2012 13:03, by kingdom

    Carter you still believe in Bashir? that’s bulshits of those with different ideologies betweeN two Sudans, Bashir can never love peaceful senttlment of any problem in this world. UN presence at the border is useless to him.

    repondre message

  • 24 April 2012 13:20, by kingdom

    we south sudanese must be found throwing our stone on one side. those of Legacy are serious to cause disunity but not acceptable.

    repondre message

    • 24 April 2012 13:50, by kingdom

      what a joke can Carter call for UN, Bashir is aware of his dangerious future waiting him,he’s not interested in any peaceful solution, rather than be captured a live, SPLA would bring his government to knee if UN did not ask for withdrawal.

      repondre message

  • 24 April 2012 15:24, by E. Defense Forces

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