Home | Comment & Analysis    Friday 15 August 2003

In search of peace in Sudan

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

Editorial

THE WASHINGTON TIMES

August 15, 2003

Warring factions in Sudan are negotiating in Kenya what may be the end game in peace talks. The Bush administration’s efforts have been well calibrated and directed, considering America’s security interests and humanitarian concerns. Talks have led to agreement on major principles, but are making little progress on technical but significant matters. If talks fail this time, the outcome likely will be more war, so our government must now step up engagement and rally international community.

The Khartoum regime has contradictory policies: It has supported terrorists groups but also aided America’s counter-terror efforts (which Mr. Bush has publicly noted). Khartoum has also continued its genocidal assaults on the people of the south while trying to win America’s favor.

Mr. Bush has made clear that, while the counter-terror help is appreciated, Khartoum must end its onslaught of the southern Sudanese and support of terror groups if it is to emerge from its rogue status. This has been both a principled and wide-eyed policy. Ignoring the killing of innocents in exchange for counter-terror aid would have been a Faustian bargain. Sudan, a country of about 34 million people, is Africa’s largest in terms of land mass and has a small, but virulent, fundamentalist Islamic contingency. To the degree Sudan establishes stability, one could hope that fundamentalists would be marginalized. If war escalates, these Islamic fundamentalists would rise in clout and power in Sudan, and beyond.

Apart from these strategic considerations, many American Christians have been instrumental in raising awareness in Congress and elsewhere of the plight of the slaughtered Sudanese Christians and others at Khartoum’s hand. This heightened awareness must not be in vain.

There is much America can do for the persecuted in Sudan. Khartoum is in a corner. It’s military has been demoralized by its inability to trounce rebels in the south, who haven’t benefited from the regime’s millions in oil income. The regime is deeply in debt, with its arrearages to the International Monetary Fund are the highest in the world. America won’t support new loans or debt forgiveness if Khartoum fails to negotiate in good faith and continues supporting terror groups. Khartoum’s need for multilateral loans is a strong incentive to improve its behavior.

Also, the United States can leverage its global leadership to rally support for peace in Sudan from key players. The administration should lean on Egypt to ensure it supports the general guidelines of the framework agreement put forward by mediators of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD). IGAD should also be pressed to step up its constructive involvement. If these carrots fail to be effective, the United States can always use sticks to strengthen Khartoum’s determination to strike a peace deal.

Both Khartoum and southern rebels have been boosting arms caches in anticipation of a breakdown of talks. Currently, negotiations are shaky, but some critical elements are in place, such as self-determination and freedom from sharia law for the south and an ability for the southern Sudanese to opt for secession about six years down the road. Resolution is far from a foregone conclusion, but is within sight. This is Sudan’s best and last chance for peace.



The views expressed in the 'Comment and Analysis' section are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not Sudan Tribune.

If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email it to comment@sudantribune.com

Sudan Tribune reserves the right to edit articles before publication. Please include your full name, relevant personal information and political affiliations.
Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.


The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.


s
Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


Another electoral farce Sudanese should expect in 2020 2018-06-18 02:08:16 Sudanese Elections Scheduled for 2020 will be Fraught with Dangers andCounterfeiting like its predecessors By Mahmoud A. Suleiman The National Congress Party (NCP) regime’s Elections Scheduled (...)

Salva Kiir’s kingdom of doom 2018-06-16 12:31:50 By Duop Chak Wuol Empires come and go, regardless of whether they are good or bad. One of the chief measures employed by historians is an investigatory examination into the legacies the empires (...)

Darfur remains at crossroads as Bashir takes it protective cover from ICC 2018-06-12 14:19:46 By Mahmoud A. Suleiman This article comes against the backdrop of the statement attributed to Sudan's ruling regime as saying that it is the “Time for UNAMID to leave Darfur” (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


The Suspension of Hurriyat Online Newspaper 2018-04-29 07:04:37 Sudan Democracy First Group 28 April 2018 The Sudanese civil and political circles and those concerned with Sudan were shocked by the news that the management of Hurriyat online newspaper has (...)

Petition on the Deteriorating Human Rights and Humanitarian Situation in Sudan 2018-04-22 10:01:20 UN Secretary-General, New York African Union Commission, Addis Ababa UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva Petition on the Deteriorating Human Rights and Humanitarian Situation in Sudan (...)

Abyei celebrates Mine Awareness Day 2018-04-05 08:52:03 4 April 2018 | Abyei - The United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) and the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) commemorated the International Day for Mine Awareness and (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2018 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.