Home | News    Thursday 27 August 2015

S. Sudan’s Kiir signs final peace accord

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August 26, 2015 (JUBA) – The South Sudanese president, Salva Kiir has finally signed the long-awaited internationally backed and regional brokered peace deal, raising hopes of possible end to the 20-month old conflict in the world’s youngest nation.

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South Sudanese president Salva Kiir (L) shakes hands with rebel leader and former vice-president Riek Machar after signing an agreement on the reunifiation of the SPLM in Arusha, Tanzania on 21 January 2015 (AP)

Kiir inked the deal at 4.54 pm (local time) at an event attended by his Ugandan counterpart, Yoweri Museveni, Kenya’s Uhuru Kenyatta, Ethiopian prime minister, Hailemarian Desalegn and Sudan’s vice president, Bakari Hassan.

He said he accepted to sign the deal because they were faced with the option of either rejecting peace or accepting war to continue against the will of the South Sudanese.

The South Sudanese leader, however accused forces loyal to former vice-president and armed opposition leader, Riek Machar of allegedly attacking government forces just hours prior to Wednesday’s signing of the agreement before regional leaders.

“As we have gathered here, the spoilers of peace have just launched an attack on the position of our forces in Bentiu and in Nhialdiu. They did this afternoon. You can now see who is for peace and who is for continuous war”, Kiir said in the capital, Juba.

“We will sign this document, but I want you regional leaders to stand with us during the implementation because if it is left to us alone, we will spoil it”, he added, warning that some provisions in the accord should not be ignored for a just and durable peace.

“If our reservations are ignored, it will not be in the interest of a just peace,” said Kiir.

INTERNATIONAL PRESSURE WAS KEY

The Enough Project, in a statement published Wednesday, welcomed the signing by the South Sudan president of a peace agreement to end the civil war that has resulted in tens of thousands of deaths since the conflict began in December 2013.

John Prendergast, the founding director of the Enough Project said concerted pressure from neighboring governments and the broader international community was instrumental in convincing Kiir to sign the deal after missing the 17 August deadline.

"President [Barrack] Obama’s direct engagement with regional leaders during his trip to Africa in late July was essential in cultivating what had been missing so far in the negotiations — international leverage aimed at pressuring the warring parties towards peace," Prendergast said in a statement extended to Sudan Tribune.

"The successful implementation of the agreement also depends largely on ending impunity for economic and atrocity crimes. The U.S., UK, and other partners should pursue global efforts to trace, seize, freeze, and return the proceeds of corruption back to the people of South Sudan,” he further stressed, adding, “Those that profit from the war should not be able to do so with impunity, even if a peace agreement is signed.”

Justine Fleischner, an analyst with Enough Project, said "The compromise agreement does not resolve the multiple crises facing South Sudan on issues of governance, security, accountability, and economic development, but rather provides a starting point for the parties to come back together and get down to the business of rebuilding their war-torn nation. Only by putting the interests of their people ahead of their own self-interests may peace prevail in South Sudan.”

END TO MASSIVE SUFFERING

Amnesty International said the signing of the peace deal by government was an important and vital step in ending the violence and addressing the massive human suffering in the nation.

The campaign group reiterated calls for both parties to embrace an unequivocal commitment to accountability for atrocities committed during the conflict to ensure a lasting peace.

“Both sides must uphold the terms of the peace deal in order to ensure that immediate steps are taken to bring those responsible for crimes under international law to trial and provide full reparations to victims,” said Sarah Jackson, Amnesty International’s deputy regional director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes.

“Silencing the guns and signing accords is not enough, if South Sudan is really committed to ushering in a new era of peace and accountability, the international community must remain vigilant and take concrete steps to ensure accountability”, she added.

The United Nations Security Council, African Union and South Sudan’s neighbours, Jackson stressed, have crucial roles to play to ensure mechanisms established during the peace process are successfully implemented to bring perpetrators to justice.

(ST)

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  • 26 August 2015 17:57, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    Am not celebrating.

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    • 26 August 2015 18:05, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      I thanks my President Kiir, for his signing peace agreement while Riek Machar forces were busy killing people at the times in #Magwe. Take roof over Riek.

      repondre message

      • 26 August 2015 18:39, by Eastern

        No single bullet was fired in Magwi (Magwe as you wrote); it was a lousy propaganda by enemies of peace.

        repondre message

    • 26 August 2015 18:46, by Jojo

      You are not celebrating because you are Michael Makue type, enemies of peace. It is done! Soon Michael Makue will not vomit those uncivilized words. He is in that position by mistake, and Paul Malong will be cast out. These two do not deserve to present government. Soon Aweil will enjoy there revenue which had been going into Malong personal pocket to feed his militias.

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      • 27 August 2015 10:06, by Mi diit

        Kiir and his gang group have terribly lost regional and international diplomacy to the rebels. Depending on one Museveni for trouble-making purposes has resulted to this failure. He will from now on be under the constant radar of the UN, EU, AU and US plus the region.

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  • 26 August 2015 18:05, by Force 1

    Now what difference does this signature or handshake going to make than the other 3, 4 or 5 signatures or handshakes that have been made in the last 20 months? How many wars or towns were capture after the last 3 or 4 peace deal signatures?

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    • 26 August 2015 18:50, by Lotodo Awino Odug

      What is signed here is sharing of our resources with the world, the dying people they used as trojan horses to bulldozed the gov in to signing bad peace will still be dying as always! [same thing different strategy]

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      • 27 August 2015 08:52, by Eastern

        The agreement states somewhere that a Special Reconstruction Fund will be set up where the Transitional Government will contribute $100 million annually. You can’t expect the international community to put their money where fools were responsible for the mess in the first place!

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  • 26 August 2015 20:26, by Thondet Manyang

    Now the peace is signed, we give Sudan Tribune a break and focus on dvelopment? Instead of propagating negative things which of sick of on this website.

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  • 26 August 2015 20:35, by lino

    No they signed PEACE; next step is to bring back all 4 Billion dollars that were stolen by the same leaders of SPLM to build roads, hospitals, and schools.

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  • 26 August 2015 23:47, by Augustino

    No Not at all, I do not think that signature will work with divided Nuer forces, people are focusing on Riek and Kiir but the real fighting forces are not bind by this agreement. Riek Sign peace first before Kiir but see what is happening now? This is a total white lie peace agreement to people of South Sudan. Let wait until we see Riek and Kiir in Juba, there will still be fighting.

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  • 26 August 2015 23:51, by dinkdong

    How is that a peace when some people are still dying in Upper Nile and Equatoria Region? I knew it! I knew it was a matter of time before they hold hands and laugh with those teeth despite the fact their power struggle claimed tens of thousands of lives. Time will come when S. Sudanese people will wake up and see how worthless these two idiots called leaders are. They both deserve nothing but ICC.

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  • 27 August 2015 07:53, by Son of Ngundeng

    God of heaven, it should be the time for me to feel free,
    I am tried of caring my gun day and night, if those two leaders need to free this poor nation its good.

    Kiir he took the good decision of signing the lasting peace, let us pray again and again, for the implementation both side.

    Son of prophet
    currently in front line
    Pathay Jonglei State.

    repondre message

  • 27 August 2015 11:21, by Dinka-Defender-General

    What? President kiir signed wrong peace agreement. He should not it. Everything in this peace was for Machar and his butchers white army. Why should Machar be rewarded for crime he caused. Machar is a criminal and should go straight to electric chair. I am against it and I will make sure not to implement at any cause.

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  • 27 August 2015 12:46, by Wad alnas

    This peace is just wrong and why do one of the Dinkas is always the one compromising with Riek when we know the man is nothing but double standard betrayer and criminal . A liar like Riek need a special attention this time around. I just hope he doesn’t get away like he did during Garang peace with him and Dinka Bor make sure that criminal don’t put a foot in Bortown again with his fake smile.

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