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South Sudanese armed opposition leader condemns appointment of 28 governors

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December 25, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudanese armed opposition faction leader, Riek Machar, has condemned the appointment on Thursday of 28 governors to the controversial 28 states created by president Salva Kiir, urging him to withdraw the decision in the interest of peace.

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SPLM (IO) Chairman, Riek Machar, addressing the 2nd National Liberation Council (NLC) meeting in Pagak, November 5, 2015 (ST Photo)

Machar, the leader of the armed opposition faction of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO), who signed a peace agreement with Kiir in August to end 21 months of civil war in the country, said the decision was wrong as president Kiir had abandoned the option to table the 28 states as a proposal to the parties for discussion first under the established institution of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) which is tasked to oversee the implementation of the peace deal.

“We are shocked by this act, since our advance team is ready in Juba and JMEC is functioning, the government should have tabled this proposal to create 28 states for discussion in JMEC. But the government acted unilaterally totally disregarding the agreement and its implementation institutions. This raises serious concerns about the commitment of GRSS [Government of the Republic of South Sudan] to the agreement,” Machar said in a statement he issued on Thursday night, dated 24 December, and extended to Sudan Tribune on Friday.

“We have in numerous occasions condemned President Salva Kiir’s decision to declare 28 states. We again condemn this decision and urge him to rescind this decision to give peace a chance. This is not the time to derail the implementation of the agreement,” he said.

The opposition leader, who will become the first vice-president of a transitional government that will be formed by January 2016 as per the agreement, called on the East African regional bloc, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), which mediated the peace negotiations, to intervene and put pressure on president Kiir to reverse his decision.

“We also urge IGAD and its partners and the international community to condemn this decision and to use all the leverages at their disposal to pressure President Kiir to withdraw his decision.”

He said it became a surprise that president Kiir unilaterally decided to violate the peace agreement only 8 hours after he [Machar] sent out a Christmas message to the people of South Sudan to consolidate peace and reconciliation among the people.

The move to announce 28 governors came just four days after the arrival to the national capital, Juba, of 150 members of the advance team from the armed opposition faction, including their chief negotiator, Taban Deng Gai. This also happened after the parties met twice under the chairmanship of JMEC, Festus Mogae, former president of Botswana.

The presidential order to create 28 states on 2 October, which was later on endorsed by the national legislature in Juba, was condemned by the SPLM-IO, former detainees, 18 opposition political parties, civil society organizations, IGAD, Troika countries (United States, United Kingdom and Norway) as well as the United Nations as a violation of the peace agreement.

Critics feared that the new 28 states, whose boundaries are not yet agreed upon or demarcated, pose tribal conflicts due to border conflicts can reignite another war as many communities in the country said their lands have been taken away from them and given to other communities.

The peace agreement, which the two parties signed in August this year, is based on the 10 states as the basis for the power sharing deal and can only be altered in the upcoming transitional amendment or permanent constitution making process during a transitional period of 30 months before elections.

(ST)

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  • 25 December 2015 21:37, by Dinka-Defender-General

    Common now Machar. You proposed the idea and you condemned your idea. President Kiir fulfilled your wishes for new year 2016. You should be excited and supported 100% because your came alive. This is the best news for you and the south Sudan citizens. I am excited...

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    • 25 December 2015 21:59, by Force 1

      Riek don’t reason to see whether or not the idea was actually his. They are truly highly irrational even the ones who happens to have PHDs!

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    • 26 December 2015 02:15, by Son of Ngundeng

      Good morning yaa balaad Jinubiin.

      Dinka Defender Food General.

      First of all kiir already created war among the communities not only Dinka and nuer, Riek were followed the British colonial districts, but your dad followed colonial of Jieng Council of eligal procedure, to make Dinka to own many states which will be the end of Dinka in S.Sudan.

      Son of Prophet
      Currently within death city Juba.

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    • 26 December 2015 02:16, by Son of Ngundeng

      Good morning yaa balaad Jinubiin.

      Dinka Defender Food General.

      First of all kiir already created war among the communities not only Dinka and nuer, Riek were followed the British colonial districts, but your dad followed colonial of Jieng Council of eligal procedure, to make Dinka to own many states which will be the end of Dinka in S.Sudan.

      Son of Prophet
      Currently within death city Juba.

      repondre message

    • 26 December 2015 02:17, by Son of Ngundeng

      Good morning yaa balaad Jinubiin.

      Dinka Defender Food General.

      First of all kiir already created war among the communities not only Dinka and nuer, Riek were followed the British colonial districts, but your dad followed colonial of Jieng Council of eligal procedure, to make Dinka to own many states which will be the end of Dinka in S.Sudan.

      Son of Prophet
      Currently within death city Juba.

      repondre message

      • 26 December 2015 06:19, by Mi diit

        This wild behaviour of Salva Kiir is exactly the same attitude shown by Saddam Hussein and Muammer Gaddaffi before they departed unceremoniously.

        The guy is dead to me. A walking dead person.

        I think Malong Awan and JCE tribal organization threatened him to act in this stupid way in the name of the Dinka community.

        Kiir is eroding his little legacy for sure!

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        • 26 December 2015 06:22, by Mi diit

          Those of JMEC, IGAD, AU, TRoika (US, UK, NOrway) and the big UN, should not just watch Kiir unraveling the agrement and keep quiet like hypocrites and double-standard in the face of this serious violation.

          There is need for a plan B to get rid of this mad man called Salva Kiir Mayardit if the world needs a peaceful South Sudan.

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      • 26 December 2015 07:52, by Dinka-Defender-General

        Son of devil, you will be sorry if president kiir retire and another di ka man such Malong Awan takes over the power. You used to hate John Garang to death, you regretted your wishes when president Kiir took over you hate him to death. What is going to satisfy you since you have another 50 years before you become a president.

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    • 26 December 2015 07:00, by Johndumo14

      Oh Dr Riek Machar,emty drum makes loud noise!!
      Take it or leave it!! The 28 governors needs their Jobs.
      Who are you to give orders to Pres. Kiir to reverse this order? Look we have been at war for more than 50 years.
      S.Sudanese are not afraid of war,they have been in it and they know to do it. we are at war now,which peace you are takling about? People have died and more displaced,stop your big m,

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      • 26 December 2015 07:11, by jubaone

        Jienge aka Johndumo14,

        Are you already on your way to your luak? Or still hanging idly in Juba waiting for some Food? Now we have 28 states, expect no Equatorians to come and clean your filfth, educate you and civilize you. It is time to go home, Bye, bye ya jienge!

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    • 26 December 2015 07:05, by jubaone

      Ya aryan jienge Dinka Defender,

      I hope you have started to pack you few things (perhaps also a pair of Shorts and chobong)to go back to your luak. We infact want to atsrt disnfecting and cleaning Equatoria from "These" insects.You have made Equatoria filthy, chaotic and less intelligent.JGH now

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      • 26 December 2015 07:53, by Hardlinner

        Jubaone, talk of your own state. equatorians for your information are not homogeneous. some are even more closer to dinka, shilluk and nuer than they are to common equatorians. so quit your bullshit. juba is built with dinka and nuer oil’s money not equatorians money or bapora. remember juba before SPLA took over. even wau used to look more modern than previous juba.

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    • 26 December 2015 07:12, by Johndumo14

      Dr Riek thinks he is very wise man,he rebelled in 1991 and more people beeing killed by his soldiers and he escaped to Khartoum and he came back to the south sudan and nothing bad was done to him.Again he rebelled the second time 2013 and he escaped, more people died because of his actions,now he again coming back no justice to his mistakes,remember god gives only 3 chance in life not 4 times

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    • 26 December 2015 07:27, by Johndumo14

      Dr Riek will not be elected to be S.Sudan president no matter what he do or how many times he rebelled. He Dr Riek must comes to its senses that he has wasted a lot of time for nothing!from 1991-2013.When elections comes I will not vote for him. Only fools Nuer tribalitic will vote for him. I better vote for a dog party if there is any!! All these time if you were buiding a high way by now is done

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    • 26 December 2015 07:53, by Johndumo14

      You Dr Riek first created 21 states and now Kiir created 28,
      weather they were created by colonial or by you is okay let us move forward and conduct survey and ask the s.sudanese how many states do they want simple as that.
      Are we going to wage war simply because of that?
      Remember Moh.Ghadafi,Sadam Hussein,Jonas Savimbi of Angola,General Mohamed Farrah Aidid,you will be soon gone!!

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  • 26 December 2015 00:52, by lino

    Haha stupid Southerners. This thing does not need you to have a PhD for the God sacks!
    All know Machar introduced his 21 states as a proposal, Mayardiit introduced his 28 States after the Peace signing. If fighting came back, all know who to point fingers at. We are going to blood bath for no reason, so buckle up.

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    • 26 December 2015 01:18, by Force 1

      @Lino;
      Before you call others stupid; at least write reasonable sentences that actually make sense. You’re like a cripple insulting people with legs that they can’t walked properly!

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      • 26 December 2015 12:35, by lino

        @ Force1,

        English is my 3Rd language, but good thing you understood only when you got insulted.
        If Southerners are Not stupid, this issue doesn’t need this kind of debate. The truth is known villagers.
        Once Sudan said you are unable to govern a state or a province leave alone a country. What do you call this kind of human been??!

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        • 26 December 2015 18:16, by Force 1

          @Lino;
          You just proved to Sudan that you’re personally an idiot and here is the reason why; when someone told you that; you don’t know how to take care of your own household that include your wife and children; do you invite him to take over your own home and be like a bitch to him? Well; according to you; that’s what he should do! Bear in mind; the slave mentality is not with Dinka!

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          • 27 December 2015 04:11, by lino

            @ Force 1,

            Unless you don’t read what Sudan has been telling you before 2011, and why you didn’t prove them wrong? Here is what they used to say and you proved it:
            1- Southerners are not qualified to govern a State or a province leave alone a country. In 2 years you make your country as a failed State.
            2- Southerners will kill themselves like animals. With 2 years you have senseless war many.

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            • 27 December 2015 04:14, by lino

              @ Force 1 cont.

              Senseless war that kills many, and may be yourself have relatives got killed.

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  • 26 December 2015 02:26, by jur_likang_a_ likan’g

    Kiir is not for peace, democracy and rule of law. The only option left to the people of South Sudan is enforcing the civilised values of international community that is defined above. South Sudan must now talk to these bunch of Dinkas who want mass murder South Sudanese for pleasure and political supremacy.

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  • 26 December 2015 04:15, by Twin cities

    We got a long way to go. Folks! Our beloved nation is at jeopardy. It could be Kirr or Machar flexing arms the poor citizens in all regions of the South are the ones paying the ultimate price. All should denounce any or either of the presumed leaders to get their act together and let peace prevail.

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  • 26 December 2015 07:58, by Hardlinner

    Riek should only complain about additional seven states, otherwise he would be labelled hypocrite. kiir only added 7 states on top of Riek preposed 21 states.

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    • 26 December 2015 08:28, by Mi diit

      Hardliner,

      Is that the only agreement you can make well? Majority of the 21 states proposed by Dr. Riek are different from the 28 states of Kiir.

      And besides, why is your Kiir so afraid to talk and present his 28 states as a proposal in JMEC meeting while Dr. Machar’s team is already with him in Juba.

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      • 26 December 2015 08:41, by Mi diit

        Another important point which the blind Dinka supporters of Salva Kiir do not see is that Salva Kiir, Paul Malong, Makuei Lueth, etc are using and spoiling the name of the Dinka community when they formed a tribal Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders (JCE) - representing all Dinka sections in South Sudan - to misguide and ill-advise the president in running the country on this tribal mission.

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        • 26 December 2015 08:48, by Mi diit

          This tribal organization (JCE) which membership is not from the village elders, but from senior Dinka intellectuals, former and present politicians, led by former South Sudan chief justice (president of Supreme Court), Ambrose Riing Thiik, those of Bona Malual, Deng Dau (Twic East MP in Juba), and the rest, from Dinka clans in Upper Nile and Bahr el Ghazal, are making a collective mistake of Dinka

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          • 26 December 2015 13:31, by Kenyang

            Mi Diit,
            Stop nonsense about Dinka. Leave it or welcome your new state. There’re many kind of Council of elders across South Sudan, you’re wasting time talking about Dinka council of elders.

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          • 26 December 2015 15:14, by Khent

            Mi diit

            Didn’t you people fail South Sudan when your entire tribe defected to Khartoum? Didn’t you fail South Sudan when you helped Khartoum to take control of the oilfields, which gave Khartoum billions of dollars that it then used to acquire weapons - weapons that it used against Southerners!? Hundreds of thousands died because of your treachery. Don’t you dare speak, traitor.

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            • 26 December 2015 15:15, by Khent

              Many Nuer who rallied to the Nasir commanders did so because they thought that now the Nuer would rule as the Dinka were accused of ruling before. (The Root Causes of Sudan’s Civil Wars: Peace Or Truce, Douglas Hamilton Johnson)

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              • 26 December 2015 15:22, by Khent

                Your entire tribe *blindly* followed traitors like Riek Machar, Paulino Matip, Peter Gadet, Gabriel Gatwec Tanginy, Gordon Kong and many others into the arms of Khartoum, for tribal reasons... so don’t you dare lecture anyone. You are in no position to do so.

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                • 26 December 2015 15:29, by Mi diit

                  Khent (Rommel),

                  Oh, don’t forget so easily! Those Nuer militias were perfectly implementing Khartoum’s policies which Dinka vice presidents took part in: George Kongor and Moses Machar.

                  Oh, and so now your Dinka councl of elders (intellectuals) stooped so low to mess up the INDEPENDENT country collectively in the name of Dinka community organization.

                  Is it simply to revenge what the Nuer did?

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                  • 26 December 2015 15:33, by Mi diit

                    South Sudanese and the international community understood perfectly well that Khartoum (Jalaba) was responsible for the plan to divide the people of South Sudan, who were still rebels by then. Garang also helped in the mess!

                    Now we have an independent sovereign nation. So why is Kiir and Dinka messing up the country. Who do they blame for misruling, misguiding and dividing the people this time?

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                    • 26 December 2015 15:45, by Mi diit

                      Do they have to blame their former master (Jalaba) for the mess in independent South Sudan, which has a president (Salva Kiir), a parliament and its own judiciary - say complete sovereignty?

                      Why is the Dinka president (Kiir) failing to govern the country and prove that he fought against Khartoum for democratic, development oriented policies, instead of introducing dictatorship and corruption?

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                      • 26 December 2015 15:50, by Mi diit

                        Why not should Kiir (president of a Republic of South Sudan for the first time ever) not making things right - away from Khartoum’s policies of previously united Sudan?

                        Why is the Dinka community collectively messing up the country now? Is it to revenge past mistakes of others? Is it how the Dinka think? Does it not harm Dinkas too?

                        Oh my....

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                        • 26 December 2015 16:42, by Khent

                          Mi diit

                          You really are a pathetic little man. You regurgitate the same inane and ridiculous arguments as though I hadn’t already addressed them a million times over. You think this is clever, don’t you? You think I will tire and eventually relent in the face of your stupidity and feigned amnesia. Well, I won’t...

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                          • 26 December 2015 16:43, by Khent

                            Before South Sudan’s secession, the Dinka were the largest tribe in all of Sudan and so Khartoum probably thought that we would stop fighting them if they relegated the likes of Moses Machar and George Kongor as 2nd Vice-Presidents - a position that did not allow them to exercise any power...

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                            • 26 December 2015 16:45, by Khent

                              ..The 2nd Vice-President post was entirely symbolic; it was an insincere ploy by Khartoum to convince the world into thinking that Sudan was actually pluralistic. The position was worthless, the same way that Riek being accorded the President of south Sudan was worthless - precipitating in the abrogation of his pathetic agreement...

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                              • 26 December 2015 16:46, by Khent

                                ..The essential difference between Riek and the likes of George Kongor is that the latter didn’t have thousands of Dinka militiamen fighting for Khartoum under his confused ’leadership’, nor did they enable the Arabs to sequester and control the oilfields allowing them to purchase billions of dollars in weaponry that they then unleashed on the South...

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                                • 26 December 2015 16:47, by Khent

                                  ..So Riek was more of a traitor and damaged our people infinitely more than any of the Dinka that you hypocritically call traitors. The Dinka are 3-4 million and all you could evoke a small handful of quislings that couldn’t even garner support from even their own clans let alone the entire tribe. The Nuer by contrast had almost 100, 000 slaves working for Khartoum...

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                                  • 26 December 2015 16:51, by Khent

                                    ..With the entire Nuer tribe supporting this treachery. There is a big difference between traitors from the Dinka tribe [that I can count on one hand] siding with Khartoum for worthless political positions and an entire tribe going rogue and becoming traitors. Don’t you dare ever compare our two peoples ever again. Don’t disgust me with such an insulting comparison.

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                                    • 26 December 2015 17:01, by Khent

                                      I’m a man of truth, and so I’ll admit that the Dinka have destroyed this country and have thrown away all the opportunities provided by independence, but I will not tolerate the Nuer acting as though they didn’t damage South Sudan even more than this when they were on Khartoum’s leash, like tamed dogs. I will accept criticism from any people on earth, other than you and the Arabs you served

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