Home | Comment & Analysis    Monday 14 May 2018

Clarity on Malong’s SSUF status also crucial for peace and accountability

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi

While declaring the formation of his armed movement in the name of SSUF early last month, the former SPLA chief of general staff, Gen. Paul Malong Awan announced the intention of his newly formed movement to join the South Sudan Opposition Alliance SSOA and to participate in the ARCSS Revitalization Forum HLRF being led led by IGAD.

Gen. Malong further stated that SSUF will be appending their signature “to the addendum to the cessation of hostilities already signed by the other parties.”

-On SSOA’s Membership

SSOA is made up of FDP/SSAF led by Gabriel Changsong Chang, FDs led by Pagan Amum Okiech, NAS led by Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka, NDM led by Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin, PDM led by Dr. Hakim Moi, SSLM/A led by Gen. Bapiny Monytuil, SSNMC led by Gov. Joseph B. Bakosoro, SSPM led by Dr. Costello Garang Ring, SSUM/A led by Gen. Peter Gadet Yak and UDRA led by Dr. Gatweth K. Thich.

Membership of the SSOA (according to a document published by Gurtong described as SSOA’s Charter) is “open to any group or persons of standing, which or who are opposed to the regime, abhors the regime’s destructive policies, programs and practices, which or who has accepted to adhere to the objectives, policies and programs of the SSOA.”

Article 7(2) of the Charter states that membership shall be approved by the “Leadership Council” of the SSOA.

Further, article 9 (2) provides that the “Leadership Council” shall consist of the Leader of each member of the SSOA (meaning the leaders mentioned above herein).

Already over a Month since SSUF declared their intention to join SSOA, it still remains unknown to the public as to whether or not SSUF has been admitted into the opposition alliance.

-On SSUF’s Participation in HLRF

Also, it is still unknown to the public as to whether or not SSUFF has appended their signature to the agreement on cessation of hostilities reached between the rests of the parties as Gen. Malong announced last month.

There’s also no indication that SSUF has been welcomed to participate in the HLRF as per their declared intention.

-Peace and Accountability

Negotiated political settlements (Peace agreements) are often designed in a way that their monitors are able to hold the parties accountable based on the terms of the pacts and their individual internal rules and regulations (charters), where applicable. The ARCSS, for example, contains several provisions on this. JMEC which is tasked with monitoring ARCSS implementation has enormous powers to resolve differences within and among parties by ensuring compliance with the letter and spirit of the ARCSS (Of course they failed to ensure compliance and here we are since July 2016.)

But, since there still exists some hope that the HLRF should lead to the end of the conflict in South Sudan, it is for the avoidance of potential controversies that the status of SSUF should be made known. Have they signed the cessation of hostilities agreement? Are they already admitted into SSOA? Are they participating in the HLRF in an independent capacity? Are they not part of the HLRF? If not, why and what shall be the implications on the period of the revitalized ARCSS?

These are very crucial for the purposes of peace, holding the parties accountable and ensuring that the terms of the revitalized ARCSS are observed.

Without that clarity, there shall be no ground to hold SSUF accountable even during the next transitional period in case they get engaged in activities, for example, a violent conflict, that otherwise violates the revitalized ARCSS.

Similarly, without clarity, SSUF will not be able to claim any right if they are denied or cheated by the SSOA, for example during power-sharing, in an act that otherwise violates SSOA’s rules and regulations (Charter), the revitalized ARCSS, or both.

Some may want to argue that Malong is now powerless and therefore there’s nothing to worry about his military strength and ability to perhaps disrupt peace during the period of the revitalized ARCSS. This argument may be misleading.

Actually, South Sudan’s recent history indicates that even without a strong base, a party or a group of anti-reform elements can disturb the peace and help in ultimate dishonoring of a peace agreement. All such a party or elements would need is a collusion with the elements or party that also favor(s) abrogation of the Peace Agreement.

Those are the unfortunate scenarios that all pro-reforms and peace-loving South Sudanese, together with the regional and international partners, must work very hard so that they are not repeated.

For clarity on SSUF’s status (and other movements, if any) is crucial for peace and holding the leaders and their subjects to account. From that clarification, the peace mediators should be able to design a course of action (where needed) and come up with a revitalized ARCSS that shall bind all parties.

Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, a freelance journalist, is Bakhita Radio’s former chief editor. He can be reached on rogeryoron@gmail.com



The views expressed in the 'Comment and Analysis' section are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not Sudan Tribune.

If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email it to comment@sudantribune.com

Sudan Tribune reserves the right to edit articles before publication. Please include your full name, relevant personal information and political affiliations.
Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.


The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.


s
Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


Sudan’s Bashir is playing a dangerous game 2018-05-23 05:09:04 The attempt of the Sudanese president to engage with rival regional interests in a bid to stay in power might fail. By Ahmed H Adam Sudan's political crisis is sliding into a dangerous phase. (...)

Salva Kiir’s cunning strategy 2018-05-19 07:40:06 By Duop Chak Wuol Salva Kiir likes to preach democracy to confuse people, looks for ways to legitimize his atrocious regime, uses deception to promote his despotism, and calculatingly waits for (...)

Lessons for South Sudan and IGAD-Led peace forum 2018-05-16 23:28:16 James Okuk, PhD “The polis exists to assure the good life” – Aristotle. “For however strong a ruler may be, he will always have need of the goodwill of the inhabitants if he wishes to remain in (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


The Suspension of Hurriyat Online Newspaper 2018-04-29 07:04:37 Sudan Democracy First Group 28 April 2018 The Sudanese civil and political circles and those concerned with Sudan were shocked by the news that the management of Hurriyat online newspaper has (...)

Petition on the Deteriorating Human Rights and Humanitarian Situation in Sudan 2018-04-22 10:01:20 UN Secretary-General, New York African Union Commission, Addis Ababa UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva Petition on the Deteriorating Human Rights and Humanitarian Situation in Sudan (...)

Abyei celebrates Mine Awareness Day 2018-04-05 08:52:03 4 April 2018 | Abyei - The United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) and the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) commemorated the International Day for Mine Awareness and (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2018 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.