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IOM demands quick response to cholera outbreak in S. Sudan

August 12, 2017 (JUBA) – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) says rapid responses are critical to stemming a cholera outbreak that has afflicted South Sudan for more than a year, exacerbating an already dire humanitarian situation that has left approximately four million people displaced by the ongoing conflict.

“In a country with mass displacement and severe levels of food insecurity, the effect of the continued cholera outbreak on the health of vulnerable populations is acute,” Beldina Gikundi, IOM’s migration health emergency officer in South Sudan said in a statement.

According to the migration agency, since 18 June 2016, over 18,000 cholera cases, including 328 deaths have been reported in South Sudan as the organization’s health and water, sanitation and hygiene teams continue to respond to the outbreak through case management and preventive measures across the country.

Disease outbreaks are particularly dangerous for displaced and vulnerable populations, such as children under five years of age, who account for over one-in-five cholera cases reported in 2017.

Many of the locations experiencing outbreaks are in proximity to the Nile River, increasing the rainy season’s impact on the cholera outbreak and threat of spreading further, the migration agency said.

“As we saw the outbreak continue, even during the dry season in 2017, we expect to see the trend persist throughout the rainy season, which leaves as much as 60 per cent of the country inaccessible by road,” said Gikundi, adding that “sustained and flexible responses are crucial to stemming the continued transmission of the disease in this extremely challenging context.”

Since the outbreak began, IOM teams have reportedly been deployed to cholera-affected areas across the country. Teams, according to the agency, have continued to conduct hygiene promotion, core relief item distribution and borehole repairs in Bentiu and Rubkona towns, and Wau town and surrounding areas, as well as in UN protection of civilian sites across the war-torn nation.

In collaboration with the UN World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of Health, IOM health teams are reportedly conducting oral cholera vaccination (OCV) campaigns across the country.

Meanwhile, in an effort to reduce cholera cases in outbreak areas, IOM said it recently managed to reach more than 39,900 people in parts of Jonglei and Unity and is currently on the ground in Warrap, preparing to lead an upcoming OCV campaign targeting more than 189,000 people in Tonj East county.

(ST).