Home | News    Saturday 24 November 2007

Rift Valley Fever could spread in Sudan - UN


November 23, 2007 (ROME) — The spread of Rift Valley Fever in Sudan could escalate in coming weeks as millions of animal are expected to be moved around during a Muslim holiday, a U.N. food agency warned Friday.

A Sudanese woman poses beside cows on the bank of the Nile in Malakal, Sudan, in 2005. (AFP)

The Food and Agriculture Organization said the disease - which has so far killed 164 people, according to the World Health Organization - could spread further as farmers drive herds of sheep around the country.

Muslims all over the world usually sacrifice a sheep to celebrate the Eid al-Adha holiday. This year, the holiday is celebrated around Dec. 20.

FAO said it offered to send a team of animal health experts to Sudan to help veterinary authorities set up monitoring programs. The Rome-based agency said it had urged local authorities and religious leaders to launch an awareness campaign.

The agency also said Egypt and Saudi Arabia have banned livestock imports from Sudan.

Rift Valley Fever affects sheep, goats, cattle, camels and people, FAO said.

It is normally a mild disease with a fatality rate of around 1%. But in patients who develop the hemorrhagic fever form, the fatality rate is at around 50%, according to WHO.

There is no treatment for the disease, which is spread to humans mostly through contact with the blood and organs of infected animals or from bites of infected mosquitoes.


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