Home | News    Thursday 26 June 2008

Sudan army unhappy over establishment of SPLA air force


June 25, 2008 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese army expressed reservation about a bill adopted by the semi-autonomous South’s Legislative Assembly calling for creation of an air force.

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In a handout picture from the United Nations Mission In Sudan (UNMIS), Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) troops sit aboard a UN flight from the southern Sudanese city of Juba to Wau on June 17, 2008 (AFP)

Yesterday Southern lawmakers approved a Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) White Paper on Defense stating that the armed forces should consist of “grounds force supported by air and riverine units”.

The spokesperson for the Sudanese defense ministry told the daily Al-Ahdath that the SPLA is subject to numerous limitations per the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in 2005 between North and South.

“The SPLA is not allowed to carry out military operations or any other activities” Lieutenant Colonel Al-Sawarami Sa’ad said.

“The SPLA is only allowed to conduct training within the joint forces” he added.

This is the first reaction by a Northern government official to the resolution by Southern lawmakers.

The bill passed yesterday deals with the security environment of South Sudan, SPLA mission and role in the defense of southern Sudan, in addition to the administrative and military structure. The law also establishes a committee to monitor the management of SPLA budget.

According to the CPA, the SPLA forces shall be funded by the Government of Southern Sudan while the SAF and the joint units are funded by the national government.

Southern Sudan government has no military aircraft and Juba does not seem prioritizing such plan. However formation of southern pilots is seen as first necessary step towards a future air force.

The demobilization and the professionalization of the SPLA troops have been delayed since 2005 due to the lack of funds and fears that relieved soldiers without a profession or a job can create troubles in the south.

The White Paper tries to trace a map for the transformation of the SPLA from a revolutionary army to a regular and conventional one with the formation and training of reduced army.


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  • 26 June 2008 06:39, by Juach D Juach

    Khartoum has no say over how the should equip herself. If using the supersonic jets & Antonov bombers is bad then why did they employ them in the South previously and recently in Abyei? No way South Sudan parliament and army has to remain firm by that decision.

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    • 26 June 2008 07:19, by Narima

      NCP should not get surprise when they heard of south Sudan Air-force, if they really wanted all parties to stick to the CPA agreement signed in Naivasha 2005, they wouldn’t have bought all these arm equipment from their fkn China. Now for sure if they want the Whole of sudan to be in peace, let them stop killing innocence Darfuris and let them take all the guns, war planes bought from China and Russia as well and every thing will be all right otherwise they should shut their fuckin ugly mouths.

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  • 26 June 2008 07:10, by Lual Dennis Deng Garang

    the affairs of the SPLA has nothing to do With what they call SAF. it is our b’lava business, get your held out of the South Affairs,
    now to my Fellows Southerners/SPLA, Go Gooooooooooooooooo defences your country, don’t worry about all those nonsense in Khartoum, let the khartoumers dance their night disco in the north and we celebrate the victory in the south. now that we shall be using the same military equipment.
    go on and you got to wins

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  • 26 June 2008 07:54, by Mr Famous Big_Logic_Boy

    Mr beshir don’t beleive that SPLA are just your animals where you used to fire them by airforce especially during the time of war in those of Yei,Kaya,Maridi and etc,it is time for South to do whatever they want and we are Independent not relaying to under your Notorious Criminals Party NCP,i advice Kiir not to stop this plan,it should be done confidentila and ambitious.No one cares about NCP we are independent.Soon we will begin nuclear weapons when those of us who are studing in USA,Australia,UK and etc has come with modern skills and knowledge beside those who dying in Egypt,everyone in Sudan will see the effects in Sudan.But i advice beshir not to pack his blanket and ran to their heaven Saudi Arabia.Hope they will see the significient knowledge of Southerners which will be a basic ideology for Sudan if we are hoping for unity.

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  • 26 June 2008 08:34, by Deng Akol Agut-tungdoun



    You must learn to keeps queite. this is just southern Sudan affairs. Whether happy or unhappy SPLA/M must go a head with the wise plane of having our own organised air force. You have no say about it.

    The world is changing very fast, Southerners are no longer Southerners of ninteen handred and seventies(1970s). They have seen so many things around the globe. They have learned that there is no good mundukuru (arab)and the good one is the dead one, that why we are more interested in seperation of the Sudan.
    I DO Hope you are going to shut up your dirty mouth for your own betterment, otherwise ICC is going to be more stronger on you. You are adding another records to the ICC book.

    I know its pain ed you but it will pain you upto death!!. SPLM/A have no reverse gears. that is just for your information.


    Deng Akol Agu-tungduon, aman far away from tribalism.

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    • 26 June 2008 09:07, by Deng John Ajang

      Congratulation to Juba Legislative Assembly for authorizing the establishment of Southern Sudan air force we are independent enough to have our own air force let the Sudan army bark like hungry dogs we don’t care of their unhappiness.What was signed in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement must be implemented.

      Please SPLA equip your self militarily,the formation of joint military units in Abiey is not a solution to the erruption of future wars there.You should be strong militarily so that they (SAF) afraid of you.

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  • 26 June 2008 08:45, by Ajuong Ayany De puorgook

    Good Morning my dear South Sudanese .Let them bark in Khartoum.never mind about them .What do they always complain if we improve ourselves

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  • 26 June 2008 09:22, by 13012 Shepard

    Calm down! Calm Lieutenant Colonel Al-Sawarami Sa’ad this is not a time for you to panic but a time when you should be following CPA principles strickly other, Danger is approaching
    If you want to played it rough, we too can do thesame.

    Since the signing of the comprehensive peace agreement, you have been been boosting your army by buying more Antinnovs, MIGs Tanks from Russia and other midddle east countries and we kept quiet.

    How come that you are panicking when we have not yet bought Antinnovs, MIGs etc. ?
    Let me tell you the best way to safety is to adhere to CPA implementations only otherwise Khartoum shall be set ablaze if you continue to play game with us.




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    • 26 June 2008 10:55, by samuel nyok kuat kur

      Congratulation General Salva Kiir. Don’t be fool by national congress.
      Now you touched their tails, they know well south government politic will settle down, if the south own its air force, they will be strong like them, they don’t want us to be strong like them, they want us to be defeat always by their evil military.

      Brothers and sisters power is very important, its can makes you to say a big No as our late Dr.John Garang de Mabior said. God bless him,and bless the south with his blood.

      our enemy knows well they won’t scare us again ,if we became like them.
      I urge south government not to listen to their lies again or their terrorism speech, they want to scare south government to declined its project for the CPA excuses.But CPA will not survive even the SPLA doesn’t own the air force.
      so if they want to ruin CPA for the reason the south government is getting strong lets it to be collapse, for the seek of our full freedom.they are actually planning to discontinues the CPA in the nearest future, even the south vote for their separate or unity will not exist.

      South parliament must continues in strengthen its military.
      God bless the south!!

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  • 26 June 2008 10:30, by Anyang Ngong Ayuen

    Thanks very much the SSLA for that move to honour and recognize the necessity of the White Paper that contains the basics of the SPLA’s future.
    Despite opposition from the North the paper remains as valid as the day it was drafted.The CPA is very clear and if our northern partners think they are clever and knows the contents of the CPA then they are very wrong. They are interpreting the CPA selectively which means referring them to the CPA again.Where is it written that the SPLA has no authority or mandate to establish its Air force.
    If that is the case then...let it rain blood but the draft Bill should be passed and considered an Act.
    Thanks very much the legislators for seeing the need for that but mind you also that you are too slow in the legislation process and that calls for urgency in your work. we have alot of Bills pending for discussion but have all along remained redundant in the Assembly.
    May i also beg the consumers not to pop their noses into legal matters without a good cause.
    Wish you well and the struggle continues.

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  • 26 June 2008 12:52, by Samson Liberty

    NCP/SAF have been enjoying delicious meals made of chickens while the SPLM/SPLA survived on greens and vegetables.Now the later thought it wish to taste chicken meat as well but the former said its opponent’s mouth is not suitable to take vitamins A only vitamins C & D is right for the later.
    So to make unity attractive one have to convince and support the other not to condemn because condemnation leads to bitterness.

    View online : Sudan army unhappy over establishment of SPLA airforce

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  • 26 June 2008 13:35, by AK-47

    no NCP this is not a surprise to you as SPLM is an independant party and South Sudan is going to be an independant country sooner. So don’t be panic shut your mouths. you been bombing us with superjet, anti-nope for long since the start of war, but we haven’t retreated. Next time when you start war we are going to bomb KHARTOUM if you bomb JUBA or else where in South. Open your eyes this is 20’s SPLM/A united, one love!!!!.....
    To express my feeling I can’t wait for 2011 to vote for SEPERATION. To all Southerners I trust you guys all of us should vote for seperation against our common foes....


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  • 26 June 2008 14:49, by James Okuk Solomon

    The Bill to establish South Sudan Air Force(SSAF)is the best Bill ever passed by the Interim Southern Sudan Assembly (ISSA). Congratulation to our hero Oyay Deng Ajak and his team in the SPLA Affairs for drafting the White Paper and presenting it to the parliament for discussion and endorsement. Congratulations to the MPs of Southern Sudan for this great step of protecting the territory of Southern Sudan from the invaders and internal colonialists who envy its Greenness, Wetness and Oil Lucrativity.

    Dear SPLA Do not worry about the NCP unhappiness about the Bill because they were not in favor for your independent status since the time of negotiations in Machakos and Naivasha. Even when they accepted that the SPLA can be independent, they denied it any budget from the national coffers thinking that it will get into troubles of funding and then weather away with time.

    Even if the South get starved, let SPLA go ahead to buy Antinovs, Fighter Jets, and Fighter Choppers to deter the enemies of the independence of the South Sudan and make them cooperate in the implementation of the CPA to its logical end.

    If the South wants a lasting peace, it has to be prepared for war any time. The best war is the war from the sky with bombs dropping on tall buildings. No more jokes with cat and mouse tricks.

    The LRA in Equatoria should get warned now that the SPLA is not going to joke around with those who temper with the Security and Stability of South Sudan.

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  • 26 June 2008 16:37, by biarawieu

    how come why did NCP felt unhappy if they are crazy, i just want tell them that they have to go back and understand what is CPA, we have to sweep our own house not them.what ever we want to do they must not interfere and we must to do whatever we can. bark at yourself and you will shame by yourself.Biar M Bul

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    • 26 June 2008 17:06, by Samani

      Now im realy feeling sorry for you. Its a shame you missed my point again. Proves again that ignorance and racism can be blinding.

      In my previous remarks i said it would take 10 years and billions of dollars to make SSAF as SAF. Thats a fact, so why everyone is angry i dont know. You missed my point in saying that this time and money should be better spent on the peoples education, development and standard of living. What makes you any different from the NCP or Iran or Israel ! Im sure any logical man, not blinded by hate would see that point.

      My second point is why does South Sudan need an airforce now ?? Its almost 2011 and that the referendum will decide if the South will separate. You can blabber all you want but the South isnt an independant country YET. But everyone will respect that decision when the time comes. No one wants you to be divided; Arabs, Americans, Europeans and all. While people around the world, your own presidant and government talk of Unity, you talk this hate over & over.

      Elections are coming soon and everyone is trying to get involved in peace building and development projects. This government wont be here if everything goes right and democracy is established. Then only you will remain the racist bigots left (refering to a few replies before). Try to think with a clear mind and conscious for a change ! Military power wont do the south any good ! Separate or United ! Only the growth and development of its people. So stop building armies and plane, but schools, roads, factories and airports is what im saying you ignorant excuse for a man.

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      • 26 June 2008 22:08, by John Liai Diing


        Why are you so concerned about the possibility of Southern Sudan establishing its own airforce?

        Are you really an intellectual?

        What constitutes "development" as I have been reading your posts talking about it?

        Don`t you thnk and don`t you know that "establishment of SSAF Air Force is development" in itself?

        Come on, otherwise don`t waste your time here trying to convince the Southerners to refrain from upgrading their military power.

        Why Khartoum bought jet fighters but not food, education, and all stuffs you have been blabbering here that southerners should do.

        I know why it bothers you too much this time.

        There is no doubt that few years from now, the fighting will move to Khartoum and your grandparents will feel and experience the sense of hot rain pouring down from the sky on Khartoum skyscrappers or towers.

        It is already said that "twice once shy" Which means, you will never deceive any one at this time with your lies.

        Claiming that South Sudan is not an independent country is partly true but we are working toward the objective of making it an independent country except when the "unity is made attractive" by the thugs in Khartoum.

        Honestly, I like to see Sudan united as one large country in Africa but if the thugs in Khartoum do not like it, we must opt for secession unconditionally.

        Therefore, you need to begin advising your uncles in Khartoum that they need to do more to bring the South back through peaceful means but not by aggression as your uncles and aunts like it. It will not work this time. Otherwise, it will be a paradox.

        Good luck

        John Liai Diing

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      • 29 June 2008 14:04, by malek, ’odili the great’

        Samani iam ready here to intial your rought ideas,but i should ask you aquestion:do you know what the human being is made and how he/she is called?

        Voting for 2011 we are waiting for is like rotten sack of potatoes waiting to be taken to the bin because we don’t know what will happen to this future,also if you are purden enough to get the different between "the need for airforce in suothern sudan"

        and 2011 election. i thought they are to be treated as separate issue so employ your further critical and strategical proceedures to convince your uncles in the city and show them the differnt for the two.

        Any way SPLA and NCP parties are not married women to one man called government of national unity but they are country main parties were by every party got ideological differences on poltical ground,

        don,t feel bitter to depend kina leaders in the government.
        but finally i am very impressive with the word"let us spent money on education and to improve people’s standard of living because development incooperate education and more for the nation.
        Don’t be high for those matters which are not marketable to promote our contry name.

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  • 26 June 2008 17:28, by Dhieu Dok

    Who cares? Let the SAF say anything they want. In the end, separation is almost here. Who are they to react negatively to something that is in the best interest of South Sudanese? I have been waiting for this legislation to happen. Iam happy today that it is already out. SPLA Oyee, long live the people’s movement.

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  • 27 June 2008 01:38, by Tarik

    To My Southern Countrymen,

    Having your own air force is well within your rights as the consecutive national regimes in the north have failed to protect you in the past. On the contrary, they have caused you pain and hardships!

    However, I do wish that your anger, though justified, is aimed at those that have caused the problems in the first place. These national regimes have mostly came to power by undemocratic means and nothing would please me more then seeing Al Bashir or Nimeiri punished for there actions. I’m sure God will not spare them in the Day of Judgement. But calling all northerners (or as many refer to them as arabs) liers is wrong. The same goes for the south.

    Hundred of thousands of northern men have dodged military service and many left the country to avoid fighting an unjust war (like myself).

    Though I can never compare your hardships to ours, but we in the north have also greatly suffered from Al Bashir and his regime. An endless number of young northern men have died in this stupid civil war that had no cause. The government in Khartoum tortured and killed many northerners who opposed them. And those who did support were not given jobs. They drove our economy to the ground and structured in a way that will only benefit them. They’ve made us beggers and forced us to seek work abroad (sometimes in worse conditions). Education and Health facilities have deteriorated and hyper-inflation took place. Again, this cannot compare to what many in the South had to endure, but all I’m trying to express is that I also wish to see those responsible for the suffering the Sudanese people punished!!!

    To James James,

    Please note that many leaders, whether they are muslims, christians or jews, use religion to justify wars. Christianity was used to justify the ruthless crusades and Judaism is used today to oppress the palestinians. Similarly, Al Bashir’s mafia used Islam to justify the war in the south.

    There are more than 1.2Billion muslims in the world. It is not wise to publicly attack their religion using wrong information. Especially the Prophet Mohammad. Just like you people in the South have always said, "LEAVE RELIGION OUT OF POLITICS." I suggest you do the same.

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  • 27 June 2008 02:36, by Justin Chicago opiny

    South sudan is a nation within a nation. She has every right to form its Air force. Look at TAIWAN a province of China with its own Army and air force. Khartoum should not fear anything about Juba having an airforce.For SPLA to transform into a conventional Army it must have its own airforce to support the ground forces that is all about having a national Army for south sudan defense. Does it make any difference having a ground force or an air force. AN Army is an Army and must be equipt with all the necessary armerment. SPLA GO A HEAD AND FORM AN AIRFORCE YOU DESERVE THAT TO PROTECT AGAINST ANY AGRESSION TOWARDS THE SOUTH.

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    • 27 June 2008 13:18, by Peter Poul luoy Gatluak

      Yes, it is a good move for the government of the South to gurantee the security of its people. As mentioned in several papers that Sudan shall emerge from the stage of recovery to a possible development, so there should be no worry from govrnment in the North.

      South Sudan has to mature to an extend of governing and protecting itself.

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      • 27 June 2008 13:56, by Jok Biong

        SAF is not belongs to all Sudan, it’s an army belongs to the North,so SPLA needs no permission from any one in self building and having airforces to depend the South and People.

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