Home | News    Saturday 23 January 2010

UN chief urges Sudanese to discuss post-referendum arrangements


January 22, 2010 (NEW YORK) — UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon urged the Sudanese parties of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) to address the post referendum arrangements to shun war.

A group of traditional dancers from the Nuba Mountains during the celebration of the fifth anniversary of the CPA in Yambio on January 19 (photo by Tim Mckulka -UNMIS)

The national parliament adopted last month a law on the organization of a self determination referendum accordingly, southerner Sudanese would decide to remain within the current Sudan or to establish their independent state.

The National Congress Party (NCP) and its junior partner the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) agreed to discuss key issues after the results of 2011 referendum.

However despite pledges of no return to war repeatedly made by the two partners there are many areas in the CPA implementation that may pose a grave risk of igniting conflict.

"Now that the Referendum Act is in place, I urge the parties to waste no time in negotiating the post-referendum agreements. The United Nations stands ready to assist in this endeavour," Ban Ki-Moon worded in his report to the Security Council released on Friday.

Ki-Moon mentioned the slow pace of progress in the implementation of Abyei Arbitration rule and the demarcation of north–south border demarcation; he detailed troop’s redeployment.

The UN chief told the Council that the implementation of Abyei arbitration is hindered by the opposition of some Messeriya elements as "misinterpretations and false rumors regarding the decision have increased tensions throughout the area".

He further said armed obstruction of the work of the demarcation team have effectively blocked efforts to demarcate the border of the longtime disputed area.

The north and south border demarcation represents also a key concern, with implications for both the elections and the referendums, he stressed.

"I call upon the parties to commit the necessary political will to accelerate this process and prevent it from becoming a major impediment to implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement," he said.

The CPA seen in 2005 as cornerstone to achieve peace in the country including the resolution of Darfur conflict, now is considered as the best way to prevent future conflict between the north and south by establishing an independent state.

However, speaking about the troop redeployment, the report said the Sudan Armed Forces have no presence in the south while SPLA has now reached "redeployment from Northern Sudan of 33.7 per cent out of the stated strength of 59,168, up from 27.6 per cent as at the date of my previous report."

The UN Secretary further stressed that these figures do not, however, reflect "the redeployment on the ground claimed by SPLA, much of which has occurred outside the scope of the (CPA) monitoring and verification instruments"

A political agreement will be necessary to resolve these redeployments, including 9,599 "voluntarily demobilized" SPLA troops in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile and 32,814 otherwise unaccounted for SPLA troops, he said.


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  • 23 January 2010 08:27, by Dinka Boy

    SPLM can not leave greater Nuba people behind.
    I support my Nuba to join the South and we will be one and seperate independent state without NCP greedy.
    You are heros in SPLa than some Southerners tribe.

    • 23 January 2010 08:40, by Gatwech

      We know what is going to happen unlike the other political idiots without any guidance.

    • 23 January 2010 09:36, by Hillary B.M.L,M

      Most Dinkas do wear Jalabiya and so, you also Dinkaboy, U can take those Nuba to Dinkas’ States to teach you Quruan and other teachings of Terrorism .

      • 24 January 2010 01:12, by kalkada

        to Hillary B.M.L.M

        First, of all Nuba are not terrorist so called Hillary

        second, we Nuba don’t need you idiot Hillary

        third, jalabia is wore all over africa only in different color from region to other region and different design from region to other. from congo to Nigeria, from Mali to senegal and from south africa to Ghana you ignorant

        forth, we don’t have Qurun school in Nuba Mountain, you ignorant so called Hillary.
        we Nuba will fight for our right when time is right and untill then you will know how taugh Nuba are, stop talking about Nuba so called bitch (Hillary)

        for your Knowledge I was in South Sudan from 1989 to year 2000 fighting for you ignorant (Hillary) that time we fought as brothers not as tribes, so go to hell.

        from Kalkada

      • 24 January 2010 04:17, by Padiet Gagag

        We all need independent no body who must be on evil ruller side Bashir,but according to camptian of CPA. Nubain have right to choose their side either south or north.

  • 23 January 2010 08:32, by Dinka Boy

    Yah,soldiers shoul be equally intergrated at the border when it come to the demarcation of the borders.Hence therefore I feel sorry about our brother from Nuba and Bluenile who are been neglect by self interest people.May God protect you all.

  • 23 January 2010 08:37, by Gatwech

    Ban Ki-Moon,

    Here is a hint for you:

    1. No elections will take place, but there is going to be change of leadership.

    2. North-South border will be demarcated by the barrel of the gun.

    3. South Sudan will become independent soon.

    4. We know when this thing is going to happen unlike the other political idiots.

    5. Don’t ask me to disclose it to you when and how.

    6. Your recognition and support of the things pre-destined to happen soon is also appreciated.


    Tut Gatwech

  • 23 January 2010 09:08, by Akot Deng

    i strongly opposed the idea of UN secretary general estimating some SPLA percentage across the north border its is completly not true that SPLA deploment along the border. let me inform him that their snail tratic of dumping the right of southerners is physically noticed with clear evident stressed by Chinese as they have alot in common.

  • 23 January 2010 15:22, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

    Dear Mr. BAN Ki-Moon, it is not from South Sudan where CPA implementation is not arranged. You better urge the government of national unity to comply with the CPA. The other parts of this country have the same view of opting to implement CPA amicably. We are here waiting for your respective interventions.

  • 23 January 2010 17:03, by Thyinka

    It seems nobody is ready to discuss post-referendum arrangements because both sides are not read to negotiate with each other because of extreme stand taken especially by NCP in almost every negotiation.

    What everybody is hoping for is that what belong to the South will go to the South and what belong to the North will go to the North once referendum favours separation and that will be it. It is as if separation itself will make things happen which may be difficult to agree on in a negotiation but it would be wise to at least get a feel of what post referendum issues would be so that sufficient preparation can be made with regard to how each of those challenges can be handled if not solved immediately. Knowing the problem is half of the solution.

    • 24 January 2010 04:22, by MJriaksdca


      NCP is happy that there is election coming up in April. From now till April the SPLM/A will focus on election not referendum. That is good for NCP. After April we shall remain with little time to do all the pending tough issues of demarcation and the likes. Does SPLM think it will have all that it takes to complete all the works needed to be done on Referendum? I don’t think so. Anything that will complicate holding referendum will only favor NCP. So, I urge the SPLM to make haste of all that it is to do in preparation for the referendum.

      • 24 January 2010 05:00, by ojok s. ojok

        Dear readers may be the UN is right, how can south Sudan be united if the leaders are being selected base on tribalism? This is something we all must ask ourselves? How can just fix somebody who is not qualifying for the post in the office?

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