Home | News    Wednesday 24 February 2010

Sudan and JEM rebels agree to sign a final deal for peace in Darfur


February 23, 2010 (DOHA) — Amin Hassan Omer, the top government negotiator, and Ahmed Tugud, head of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) delegation to the peace talks, signed today in Doha a peace framework for a final peace between Sudan and Darfur’s main rebel group.

Sudan's top negotiator Amin Hassan Omer (L) and JEM representative Ahmed Tugod sign an agreement in Doha February 23, while Al-Mahmoud (L) of Qatar and joint mediator Bassole sit besides them (photo QNA)The signing ceremony was attended by President Omer Al-Bashir, the Chadian President Idriss Deby, and the Eritrean President as well as the Emir of Qatar Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani. Deby’s presence was seen as an important signal of the link between the signed deal and the normalization process engaged in recently with Sudan.

The 12-point deal provides a ceasefire agreement between the two parties to be implemented starting from Wednesday, 24 February, but also a commitment to finalize a peace agreement outlined in the framework agreement.

Sources speak about unannounced clauses agreed between the two parties dealing with power sharing as the bilateral deal comes after the Abuja peace deal signed with Minni Minnawi in Abuja four years ago. Also it should be followed by a separate deal with other groups present in Doha but not included in today’s agreement.

This marks the first important step since the Abuja agreement; meanwhile, another popular rebel group – the Sudan Liberation Movement led by Abdel Wahid Al-Nur (SLM-AW) — refuses to negotiate with the government asking it first to disarm government-backed militia prior to any talks.

The breakthrough deal nonetheless makes obvious that the continuing state of fragmentation among an array of the non-signatory rebel groups may weaken their position and lead them to reconsider their demands. JEM and SLM-AW refused in May 2006 to sign a peace agreement, since it did conform to their demands for one sole administrative region in Darfur, individual compensation, and important representation in the central government and the other regions.

Feeling the damage that could be generated by the separate talks, Khalil Ibrahim, JEM leader urged the other groups to join hands with his movement and negotiate as one delegation.

"I call on my brothers in the other movements to (come together) in an overall partnership at the service of our country and say, let us unite and commit ourselves together and at the same time to peace," said Khalil Ibrahim at the signing ceremony before to embrace President Omer Al-Bashir.

The peace deal speaks without details about permanent political partnership between the National Congress Party (NCP) and JEM which, in accordance with the Doha framework accord, would become "a political party as soon as the final agreement is signed between the two parties".

The Sudanese President, who remitted death sentences on over one hundred JEM fighters in Khartoum before travelling to Doha said the framework agreement is "an important step toward ending war and the conflict in Darfur."

The deal despite the fact it was negotiated secretly in Ndjamena is a real breakthrough for the mediation which sought Deby’s intervention to break the deadlocked consultations between the rebels over the unity issue.

Former South Africa President Thabo Mbeki was last week touring African capitals reportedly seeking support to take over the Darfur dossier from the current UN-AU mediator Djibril Bassole, stressing that he can do more than the latter to push the parties toward talks.

The Emir of Qatar, who is keen to host the talks in Doha and to conclude an agreement there pledged to give one billion US dollar for Darfur rehabilitation and reconstruction. Qatar is already committed in humanitarian action on the ground.

Previously the Sudanese government and JEM rebels signed a goodwill agreement but they failed to implement it after Khartoum refusal to release JEM fighters. This occurred about a year ago.

Sudan will hold within nearly two months general elections including presidential, legislative and regional levels. The NCP and the SPLM insist on April as the date for the poll which is part of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in 2005.

But JEM rebels demand the delay of elections, adding it would be difficult to sign a final peace agreement before 15 March as it is stipulated in the framework agreement.


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  • 24 February 2010 07:59, by Gatmi raan

    Dear readers:
    I said last year that GOSS should declare our independent since, darfuris(espc. JEM) were still fighting the Government in Khartoum. Now that they are (JEM) are heading toward a final reconcialation with the Goverment in Khartoum. My worst case scenarios has just scurfaced, and that is Dafuris once again will be used against Southeners Selfdetermination. This is the worts ever misjugement by GOSS. I say that because GOSS president and it Adviser Luka Biong have been tried to postponed the inevitable: THE WAR. but you can’t postponed that indefinitely. sooner or later it will happenend

    • 24 February 2010 08:28, by mohammed ali

      Donnot worry even if you secede now, nobody is going to fight you; we celebrate with and congratulate you!

      • 24 February 2010 13:40, by Piny Amec Abethool-Jesus

        Dear readers

        This agreement is not going to bring real peace to Darfuri. This is just a lipstick on the Sudan national elections and 2011 referendum and the ICC arrest warrant. South sudan went throught the same process from 1972( Abel Alier Addis Ababa agreement), 1997 (Riak Machar Khartoum agreement) and 2005 (John Garang-Nifasha CPA which is not yet been implemented fully).

        Why did i say it is not a real peace agreement? Because this kind of peace agreement is exactly like DR. Lam Akol ( Fashoda agreement), Arok Thon Arok and Dr. Riak Machar’s Khartoum peace agreement of 1997. It will never bear any fruit of peace such as security; development, roads, schools, economic prosperity and respect for human rights.

        This agreement will weaken the Darfuri movement for sometime as the so called Khartoum peace agreement weaken SPLA/M for a short period of time before the real peace (CPA) agreement was signed in 2005.

        JEM leaders will be like Riak Machar, Paulino Matip, and Lam Akol later when the real Darfuri CPA is signed.

        This agreement is a prayer on the judgment day, it is too late, Omaaar Hosaan will never escape the ICC arrest warrant no matter what the US, Canada and UN said.

        However, the real Darfuri CPA will be signed after 2011 Referendum when Darfuri movements are united as one movement in Darfur and supported by the Republic of New Sudan (RONS).

        The South- North CPA was negotiated for 2 years. The Darfuri JEM and NCP agreement is only negotiated for 2 weeks like Dr. Riak Machar’s Khartoum peace. JEM will be back to Darfur soon or NCP will kill JEM leader like Dr. John Garang.

        Thank God for Salva Kiir, CPA would have been dishonored long time ago by the NCP. Darfuri should ask themselves this question. Who will lead JEM ,if the current leader is assassinated?

        This peace agreement is so cheap and can be dishonored within 2 weeks only.

        The same UN members who welcomes Omaar Hosaan moved will condemn NCP tomorrow when OMaar changed his mind and goes back to war aginst Darfuri.

        Let watch this old movie of the NCP’s deceptive peace agreement policy to buy time from Southerners, Darfuri, UN, US, AU and EU.

        As long as this NCP policy of signing peace and not implementing it deceives both the West and Sudanese; we will continue to see many peace agreements signed by NCP.

        This is their last policy of survival. They can not afford to fight SPLA and JEM simultaneously.

        Piny Amec Abethool-Jesus

    • 24 February 2010 08:36, by Dinka Boy


      don,t worry brother because we fought them before plus some South traitors,but what about now since we have come together in the South.
      We will chase them to hell. pretenders like Mohamed Ali amd Masters will run to Uganda for safety ,but we SPLA will be here till the last minute.

      • 24 February 2010 08:52, by Gatmi raan

        Dinka Boy

        I agreed, the war of 20th century was different and we fought it with under difficult cirumstances(i.e cold war). but the war of this 21st century will be differnt wether they ( the Sudanese Government) is along side dafur like they did before, it would be fought in the North not in South!!!! SPLA oyeee........ and Southsudan oyeeeeeeeee.... we will Unite aganst our common enemy if it come to that and we would never down our fallen heroes who paid the ultimate sacrifices. God blessed South Sudan!!!!!

        • 24 February 2010 09:12, by Gatmi raan

          correction: we would never let down fallen heroes......

          • 25 February 2010 05:15, by DeltaBravo

            Correction: We would never let down our fallen heros who lost their during the liberation struggle.

  • 24 February 2010 08:29, by Akuma

    It is just ceasefire but not peace agreement even though the world assure Sudanese as peace agreement between JEM and Sudanese Goveernment. The fact is that, Darfur region will not be peacefully as Dongola or Khartoum itself because the remedies of war are still operating in the regions.

    Whether true or not not, that peace is just for re-election process of El-Bashir if Darfuris are not serously about it, JEM as done their part to sabotage Sudanese govrnment policies and they were been weaken by the partners SLM party who integrate with Sudanese government, as per now, that agreement, no hope or guaranteed for peace in Darfur.

    Dr. Akuma
    Chicago, USA

  • 24 February 2010 13:59, by mathem jech amer

    Waw, Peace agreement Signed

    How long are those agreements going to be signed? There are more than 10 rebel groups in Darfur. Signing peace with one rebel group will take approximately 10 years before final stability comes to Darfur.

    What hell going on with rebel groups, need leadership?

  • 24 February 2010 15:07, by Time1

    If NCP can respect the wishes of the Darfur people and turn this agreement into reality ont he ground then there will be full peace in Darfur, also there is need to bring in other rebel groups who have refused to sign so far like SLM- AL Nur, NCP should treat all movements equal and grant them their wishes and form a a new interim governemnt in Darfur soon.

    • 24 February 2010 23:41, by jur_likang_a_ likan’g

      Postponement of ELECTION in Sudan is a violation of NORTH SUDAN-SOUTH SUDAN Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in Nairobi - Kenya in 2005 FULL STOP. PLEASE, BACK OFF FROM ELECTION ISSUE.

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