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Sudan among world’s top failed states: report

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June 19, 2012 (LONDON) — The Republic of Sudan is the third on the list of the world’s failed states, after the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Somalia respectively, the latest edition of the Failed States Index (FSI) has revealed.

A picture of a Ngok Dinka woman displaced to Turalei, Warrap State South after the seizure of the disputed Abyei by the Sudanese army on 28 May 2011 (Photo UNMIS Stuart Price)

Produced by The Fund for Peace (FFP), FSI mainly highlights global political, economic and social pressures experienced by states and is widely considered a critical tool in highlighting not only the normal pressures that all states experience, but also in identifying when those pressures are pushing a state towards the brink of failure.

Sudan, according to FFP, made very few “improvements” since the advent of the FSI ranking seven years ago. In that time Sudan has twice topped the list.

“Indeed, Sudan faces large-scale instability in its political, social, and economic realms, fed on by widespread ethnic, religious, and political armed conflicts throughout the country,” the eighth edition of the report says.

Specifically cited in the report, which will be officially launched in July, is Sudan’s rapidly declining economy, worsened by South Sudan’s secession last year. Khartoum is still struggling to cope with the loss of 75% of it oil revenues, which had been shared under a 2005 peace deal.

“Sudan must now work hard to develop its other struggling sectors, despite its decrease in GDP [Gross Domestic Product] growth. Violence and allegations of torture and rape committed by all parties, moreover, continue to mire the country’s record,” the FFP report says.

“These and other outstanding issues underline Sudan’s great need for a stronger, more legitimate government willing to protect its people and enact large-scale reform,” it adds.

SOUTH SUDAN

The Republic of South Sudan, which attained independence less than a year ago would have been ranked “approximately fourth” behind Sudan, according to FFP, due to its “fragile” infrastructure, severe poverty, weak government, fraught relations with Sudan and heavy reliance on oil revenues.

South Sudan faces some of the worst health and education indicators worldwide,” the report says, citing widespread violence as having immensely brought politics the economy, and transportation and public service to a halt.

“Indeed, South Sudan’s rampant insecurity has forced the government to spend its resources combating threats instead of promoting overall growth and development,” it adds.

Despite the separation, active conflict between the neighbouring states has continued in 2012 along their disputed border.

“South Sudan’s contemporary history as a nation is short and is focused primarily on its separation from the north. This year, more than any other, the scores of the two nations are intertwined. Because the split happened halfway through the year, the consequences and reactions are reflected clearly. It is important to look at where there are differences in the scores of the two countries. South Sudan has inherited many social and political problems from the older nation,” the report says

Failed States Index

The FSI report, to be officially launched in Washington DC next month, however, credits the world’s newest nation for having reportedly scored slightly better in terms of state legitimacy and human rights.

Somalia topped the list of failed states for the fifth consecutive year, mainly due to “widespread lawlessness, ineffective government, terrorism, insurgency, crime, and
well-publicized pirate attacks against foreign vessels.

At the other end of the scale, Finland is said to have remained in the best position, with its Scandinavian neighbours Sweden and Denmark respectively. The trio reportedly benefit from strong social and economic indicators, paired with excellent provision of public services and respect for human rights and the rule of law.

The FSI ranks 178 countries using 12 social, economic, and political indicators of pressure on the state, along with over 100 sub-indicators. These include such issues as Uneven Development, State Legitimacy, Group Grievance, and Human Rights.

Each indicator is rated on a scale of 1-10, based on the analysis of millions of publicly available documents, other quantitative data, and assessments by analysts. In this case, a high score reportedly indicates high pressure on the state, and hence a higher risk of instability.

Krista Hendry, the Executive Director of FFP, said the value of the FSI is in its application on the ground by governments, media, civil society and others to consider and work to improve the underlying conditions of conflict.

“We assess 178 countries because we recognize that all countries have pressures upon them that need to be managed. The difference between livelihoods within the countries is largely a product of the capacity of the state and society,” Hendry says in the report.

The Fund plans to develop a capacity index to test its assumption
that states manage pressures better when they have open societies with
strong state institutions based on the rule of law and democracy, she
adds.

The FSI 2012, which will be formally launched on 13 July in Washington DC, also highlights the decreased rankings among countries affected by last year’s Arab Spring, including Bahrain, Egypt, Libya, Syria and Tunisia. Libya’s decline was reportedly the most remarkable.

Kyrgyzstan, on the other hand, is recognised by the report as the most improved nation, rebounding from a marked fall the previous year that was precipitated by the mid-2010 revolution that led to significant political reforms and ultimately a stable transition of power.

Since its inception, the FSI, produced by The Fund for Peace, is widely considered a critical tool in highlighting not only the normal pressures that all states experience, but also in identifying when pressures are pushing a state towards the brink of failure.

(ST)

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Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 20 June 2012 05:41, by zulu

    THERE YOU GO. WE SAID IT ALL ALONG, THAT SUDAN WAS A FAILED STATE DUE TO SYSTEMIC FAILURES INCLUDING MISMANGEMENT OF THE NATIONAL RESOURCES, STATE BEARUCRATIC STRUCTURES, INHUMANE TREATMENT AND GROSS AUTARCHY TO MUZZLE SPEACH.
    WHERE ARE SUDANI ANA, JALABY, OBSERVOR AND PIT PAT, AND OF COURSE THE ENGINEEER SEE?

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    • 20 June 2012 06:19, by P.K.M

      The Sudanese run their mouths too much about South Sudan and knowing less about themselves, now which is the third on the list of failed countries after the DRC (Congo), and Somalia? The answer is Sudan! Who is the biggest loser now?

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      • 20 June 2012 06:24, by P.K.M

        Jalaby, Mohammed Ali, SEE ME, Darkangel, Northern Sudanese, it appears that these guys internet services has been disable due to the government austerity measures. They cannot afford to pay for the services. ------

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        • 20 June 2012 06:25, by P.K.M

          — -They are now running around from neighborhood to another begging to use the internet. The message from South Sudanese is; we are so sorry for you guys, we wish we could help but it’s too bad we cannot.

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        • 20 June 2012 06:51, by Lang

          hahahahaha

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      • 20 June 2012 08:22, by Joseph Canada

        YEAH!! WHO IS THE BIGGEST LOSSER NOW!!!!!!!!!!!!????????????????
        YEAH!! WHO IS THE BIGGEST LOSSER NOW!!!!!!!!!!!!????????????????
        YEAH!! WHO IS THE BIGGEST LOSSER NOW!!!!!!!!!!!!????????????????
        YEAH!! WHO IS THE BIGGEST LOSSER NOW!!!!!!!!!!!!????????????????
        YEAH!! WHO IS THE BIGGEST LOSSER NOW!!!!!!!!!!!!????????????????
        LOSSERS!! ACCOMPANY BESHIR TO ICC NOW!!! HAHAHAHAHAHA!!!

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        • 20 June 2012 13:35, by Jay

          The people who does these ranking knows exactly what they are doing, they cannot put South Sudan ahead of Sudan since Sudan economic lifeline was South Sudan. Sudan has never been to this worse economic condition when Sudan was only one country. You can do your calculation of which of the two countries is stronger economically?

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      • 20 June 2012 10:01, by Logic

        Although am not a big fan of these so called "reports" but nonetheless it will build a perception of N/S Sudan irrespective of its accuracy.

        Those racist blind loyalist of the NCP regime should wake up and realize that N.Sudan is facing some serious challenges and Bashir is no longer the captain to steer the ship, he’s the PROBLEM.

        Stop being retarded and open your minds, you know who you are!

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    • 20 June 2012 11:38, by mohammed ali

      Zulu, so why do you want to connect yourself with us.Stop negotiating dual citizentship, 4 freedoms and ask your people to leave the Jalabba failed state and join the paradise of the SPLA where the thieve ministers can loooooooot billions with impunity! We know these political organizations and we know their paims and agenda.

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    • 20 June 2012 16:19, by Sudani+

      To SS,
      1- The report is politically motivated!
      2- WE acknowledge we have problems in different domains related to economy, corruption, equity in development; etc..! but not to this level the report is portraying!
      3- We are much better that your country SS!
      4- the main message that I got is that peace and good governance are the key for development!! and the 2 countries need to work for....

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      • 21 June 2012 19:25, by Gule

        True, these reports are political motivated, both sides of Sudan should never aim weapons at each others heart, forget politics, religion, insanity for a moment, think humanity, focus on co-existence, Al Bashir is old school, he was used by Qatar, Zionists to attack Libya, the betrayal came to haunt him. Youth of all parts and sides of Sudan need take over without bloodshed, avoid confrontation.

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    • 20 June 2012 16:29, by Sudani+

      ...! This why our government singed the CPA with the objective, inter alias, to bring a lasting peace for both! but it seems the insect SPLM does not have the decision on managing their affairs and they have betrayed us and failed the aspiration of the SS people.
      6- The SPLM is working as an agent for another powerful entity!! Israel/US and behind them are the Mason!! The New World Order!!!

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      • 21 June 2012 19:36, by Gule

        If you know US/Israel behind SPLA, why do you call them insects?. You are chasing them to join Israel and USA by using degoratory, demeaning names. This exactly what USA wants, Sudanese are all family, solve this problem within. Solutions to the crisis are more important than finger pointing, it’s all within your fingertips.

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    • 20 June 2012 16:35, by Sudani+

      8- Corruption and lining is a system in SS!! especially from the thieves SPLM leaders and idiot follower

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aLe0...

      9- Wake up guys in SS before it is too late, if you are waiting to see Sudan fail (a regime change) you are going to wait sooo looong!
      10- All the Sudanese know that your hatred is not to NCP, from what I see in this forum that SPLM and its flowers....

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    • 20 June 2012 16:41, by Sudani+

      ...10, SPLM and its followers hates Sudan, its culture, and our religion Islam. We will never let SPLM insect to achieve their objectives!!! (your idiot SPLM leaders said we closed the Oil to bring down Khartoum government!! It is your government that will come down soooon! Crazy Idea! isn’t it?

      11- last but not least, working for Peace will help both nations Sudan and SS; But if SPLM

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    • 20 June 2012 16:49, by Sudani+

      11- But SPLM continues to work as an agent for the power behind it; then let them be prepared for their end, they will only bring miseries to the SS people!!! Our country will Suffer for a while, bu SPLM with lack of leadership, lack of institutions, fragile state and will not withstand the consequences!!!

      Good luck

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    • 20 June 2012 17:37, by wadelsudan

      The repruplic of south sudan is the number one failed state here are the reasons
      1-Children mortality rate is the highest in the world
      2-Iletracy rate is the highest
      3-per capita income is the lowest
      4-malnutrition is the highest
      5-corruption is the worst
      6-car accidents in juba is one of the highest
      8-tribalist and racial profiling is the severest
      9-is military dictatorship

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      • 20 June 2012 19:35, by Chol

        Wadelsudan, you forgot other things about South Sudan, South Sudan has the highest accumulation wealth in form of oil, and all the other minerals such as gold diamond fertile land for farming, a land that flows with milk and honey, all the fruit that you can eat that grow in the wild etc. So, how does that make you feel?

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  • 20 June 2012 06:12, by Madina Tonj

    For South Sudan, I think it is just a matter of time but I strongly belief that South Sudan nation is going to grow up faster than any nation in Eastern Africa. For Sudan issue, I think they are going to experience some poverty apparently will arrive on their doors and also unrest conflict would never change until the regime is gone in the power.South Sudan is going to be a richest nation for sure

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  • 20 June 2012 06:38, by Akol Liai Mager

    Let’s see what the NIF supporters have to say about this. But Ustaz Pagan Amum was removed from the former Sudan’s GoNU because of his remarks during the celeberations of the opening of Hujaraz Alhurriay Newspaper in Khartoum in which he said; "Sudan is a failed State since its inception during Muhammad Ali invasion 1821". "What you wish for others come your way" (Dr Wayne Dyer)

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  • 20 June 2012 07:28, by John Costa

    Although I am a proud South Sudanese, let us be fair here. For now, our progress still attached to Khartoum. Let us export our oil through other venues, develop stable government institutions with less UN assistants. Educate our children in South Sudan, not educating them aboard. We ranked after Sudan, and if our politician continue to steal states’ fund. We are doomed. We should get our feet movi

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    • 20 June 2012 07:32, by John Costa

      It is easy to start shelling Djellaba, but that is not going to solve our problems, the same applied to them.

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  • 20 June 2012 07:44, by Gäär

    Folks,
    calm down. next year they will be number one in the list. and Somalia will go to number 3. I promise you that. the way the economy and thos proxy wars are shaping now is doing a great damage to them. lets celebrate!!

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  • 20 June 2012 08:14, by Northern Sudanese

    hahahahaha this report is really funny, sudan has between 10th-7th biggest economy in africa. sudan has higher per capita than most african countries,sudan has stronger army than many african countries, come on guys XD thats all nonsense.

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    • 20 June 2012 10:28, by Logic

      N. Sudanese

      Clearly you don’t know how to understand what you read! looooooool..

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  • 20 June 2012 08:33, by Northern Sudanese

    hahahahahahahhahaha so sudan is poorer than

    south sudan
    liberia
    ethiopia
    uganda

    ect.......

    i take that as a joke, if FSI is about pooreness of a state, then they must be dumb but if its about something else then its ok

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    • 20 June 2012 09:04, by Aaban

      Your culture of arrogances Al Bendairya Al Dahmashya Ja’alin tribe will never allowed you to accept the realities,
      You have let down our wealthy country by forcing south to separate, yet you are now failing the remained of economy, this bigotry government of Ja’alin gang must be dismantle for the African tribes to be free,

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    • 21 June 2012 19:46, by Gule

      Forget that FSI bullshit, just another imperialist stupidity. Cut trade off with the nations that rener this rating, do not interact nor communicate with them completely, it’s unnecessary, uncalled report. That is the last thing Africa needs, kick out the demons, they are desperate to exploit Sudan by giving it poor ratings. It’s a biased report.

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  • 20 June 2012 08:45, by Pif Paf

    This is one funny report. A Lawless Jungle, 4.7million starving, no fuel, no infrastructure, no education, corruption, tribal conflict etc & its no.4 ? Even Somalia n DRC are better off.

    whats even funnier is s.sudan (rank 4) imports near all of its food imports from sudan (rank 3).

    And this last one, s.sudanese in sudan are trying to avoid deportation. They would rather stay in rank 3 lol.

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  • 20 June 2012 09:03, by homeboy

    Truly misery love company,southerners and northeners you should be ashamed rejoicing at others suffering while you your self are not better off,what do you gain from insulting the victims of both government .grow up the world can be a better place with less ignorant people.

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    • 20 June 2012 10:36, by Logic

      Homeboy

      I couldn’t agree with you more.

      But for decades, the marginalized Sudanese have suffered immensely at the hands of ignorant elites, now the ones you should be condemning is their sons & daughters on this site, not the marginalized N&S/Sudanese who have a right to be bitter for the mental scars caused by the supremacists of N.Sudan.

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    • 20 June 2012 12:25, by sudani ana

      Homeboy

      Wise words,respect.

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      • 20 June 2012 16:12, by zulu

        Homegirl,
        we dont laugh at he missery of others. it is unethical and immoral. what we laugh at here is purely within the freedom of speech, a political statement underscoring the rejection of policies and regimes that have systematically subjected their citizens to poverty. anyone who acts a stooge in support of these policies simply becomes rediculed as because they have been bragging for nothin

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        • 20 June 2012 21:06, by homeboy

          It is homeboy if u r blind,I guess it is within the freedom of speech to laugh at ur own ignorance ,please spare the childish behavior.

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  • 20 June 2012 10:39, by TWIC MAYARDIT PRINCE

    Jalaba or Jaali

    sudan is failed state, ha ha ha it kill me laugh. you and SEE ME or LOOK AT will never and never miss the word "fail state" if you don’t change the fucken regime of National crime providers and allow bravo Malik and Arman to rescue u . good example is that mr. See me is now out because internet problem or no money for subcription

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  • 20 June 2012 11:33, by Mapuor

    Its true,given the indicators use for ranking,’The FSI ranks 178 countries using 12 social, economic, and political indicators of pressure on the state, along with over 100 sub-indicators. These include such issues as Uneven Development, State Legitimacy, Group Grievance, and Human Rights.

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  • 20 June 2012 11:55, by Beneben Bai

    Shame, shame, shaaaame Sudan’s what so ever, you have been looting all resources from S. Sudan when it was Southern Sudan for almost 54 years and still ranked # 3 faild state immediately after South break away and now only away for 9 months!!. How do you feel now? this report is not from South Sudan

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    • 20 June 2012 13:41, by Nibs

      With those demonstrations in khartoum showing no signs of coming to halt,somali has got a serious and determine rival in sudan.let the competition begin!

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  • 20 June 2012 17:37, by wadelsudan

    The repruplic of south sudan is the number one failed state here are the reasons
    1-Children mortality rate is the highest in the world
    2-Iletracy rate is the highest
    3-per capita income is the lowest
    4-malnutrition is the highest
    5-corruption is the worst
    6-car accidents in juba is one of the highest
    8-tribalist and racial profiling is the severest
    9-is military dictatorship

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    • 21 June 2012 19:14, by Gule

      You already know the situation is bad, and getting worse on both sides, why don’t you become the solution?. How does it help to set off fire with flames?. Both Sudan’s can overcome this problem, think constructively, stop being a hyper, paper tiger, puppet, a fool. Put people first, the rest will be resolved according to the wishes and aspirations of all Sudanese, fighting has gone on far too long

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  • 20 June 2012 17:38, by Northern Sudanese

    This is the work of zionists. we all know the way Jewish control the media. how could sudan be the 3rd failed state in the world while its in a much better condition than scores of nations in this globe? the funniest thing, south sudan isn’t worse than sudan......just bias, only fools could believe this

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    • 20 June 2012 17:58, by BlackNationGreatNation

      N Sudanese,
      its a fact that all notherners don’t accept the truth , SUCH AN ILLITERATE. FULL STOP. IF I CONTINUE ARGUING WITH YOU , THAN IM A FOOL TOO.

      God Bless South Sudan.

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    • 20 June 2012 21:39, by Observer

      Nprthern Sudanese

      There are none so blind than those who don;t want to see.
      I come from North Sudan, live and work here and see the poverty, the lack of education, the lack of development.
      Do you know ( and it is public) that we have around 15 million living under the poverty line- that is living on $1 or less per day.
      Go to East Sudan, Darfur, even Khartoum etc and see the real situation here.

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      • 20 June 2012 21:53, by wadelsudan

        why do you think southerners still fighting to stay in the north, have been to the south and saw how devastating the sitiuation is, people are dying of kalazar and leprosy,its miserable

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        • 21 June 2012 00:58, by Observer

          Wadelsudan,
          Does your logic apply to as to why thousands of Northern Sudanese live in the likes of the UK and don;t want to come back?
          Just like the Sudanese born in the UK who think of the UK as their home, so do the S Sudanese who were born here and think of this as their home.

          The same reasons that Sudanese want to stay in the UK are the same reasons that the S Sudanese want to stay here.

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    • 21 June 2012 04:53, by Chol

      North Sudanese, yes you’re right, Sudan is in a better condition with South Sudan money but now Sudan is going to be rank not just the third place but on top of Somalia and DRC Cong. You’ll soon enjoy your number one position.

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    • 21 June 2012 19:56, by Gule

      You are correct on point, Zionist agenda is about to torpedo peace in Sudan, never allow them to. Sudanese should stop calling each other names, you people all live in Africa. The last thing people of every side in Sudan need is a Zionist report, N Sudan made mistakes by providing support to attack Libya, create new leadership. Retire Bashir, Turabi. No Hague, youth and fresh ideas in, quit war.

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  • 21 June 2012 01:52, by Gordon

    Is here somebody, who is able to give me an answer to the following question:
    Why are those people, who are living under very poor conditions (climate, natural resources) are able to form very well doing nations, like Finland, Sweden and Denmark. And those people, who GOD gave the most richest countries, where everything of natural resources are given, are absolute unable to establish well doing

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  • 21 June 2012 01:54, by Gordon

    cont.: Is here somebody, who is able to give me an answer to the following question:

    No, no, no, don´t tell me, that this is due to the colonial reign. I´ve been living long enough in Sudan to know, that Sudanese people spent their best time during the rule of the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium.

    Thank you, Gordon

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