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African Union objects to any unilateral actions on Abyei

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AUPSC Communique on Abyei Sept 2013

September 24, 2013 (KUACJOK, Warrap State) - The African Union says it objects any unilateral decision by either Sudan or South Sudan to determine the future of Abyei, a border area claimed by both nations.

Ethiopian peacekeepers patrol the outskirts of the disputed Abyei town that straddles the border between Sudan and South Sudan on 16 September 2013 (Photo: Reuters/Andreea Campeanu)

The African Union Peace and Security Council released a communiqué on Tuesday urging "the two countries not to undertake any unilateral actions concerning Abyei that might impede progress towards the implementations" of the commitments they have made to resolve the dispute.

Abyei was due to hold a referendum in January 2011 but is was delayed as the two sides could not agree on who should be allowed to participate. Under a proposal put forward by the AU’s special panel on the Sudans a referendum is scheduled to take place in October.

Also, the two sides disagree on the process to resolve the dispute. Juba wants to prioritise holding the plebiscite to decide the area’s future, whereas Khartoum insists that this cannot happen until interim institutions are created with representatives of the native Dinka Ngok and the Misseriya.

Frustration on the side of the Dinka Ngok has led to some to call for the self- determination referendum to go-ahead without the involvement or approval of the Sudanese government.

If the vote were to take place without the Misseriya, the Dinka Ngok would be expected to overwhelmingly opt for Abyei to be transferred back into South Sudan.

The area was moved into South Kordofan state for administrative by the British over 100 years ago during colonial rule. The Comprehensive Peace Agreement provides it remains part of the Sudan until the organisation of the referendum.

Tuesday’s meeting called on the presidents of South Sudan and Sudan to expeditiously proceed with the implementation of the Agreement on Temporary Administrative and Security Arrangements for the Abyei Area that was signed on 20 June 2011.

The continental body calls for facilitation of the rapid and safe return of refugees and displaced persons, assist with the rehabilitation and development of the communities in and adjacent to Abyei, and provide for peaceful migration of nomadic pastoralists during the coming dry season.

The AU further called for a special partners’ conference to provide assistance to Abyei and that 2% of oil revenues originating from Abyei is used for the development of the area, as per previous agreements.

The African leaders also reiterated acceptance of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel Proposal (AUHIP) on the final status of Abyei of 21 September 2012.

The two presidents were urged to resume their discussions on the final status of Abyei on the basis of this proposal, bearing in mind the need to ensure that Abyei serves as a bridge between South Sudan and Sudan, as envisaged in the Abyei Protocol of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

Luka Biong Deng, a senior member of South Sudan’s governing party said the Council did not endorse the AUHIP’s, proposal which calls for the conduct of the referendum in October but that it urged the two governments to establish the Abyei Area Referendum Commission, review and adopt a revised referendum law in line with the AUHIP proposal and requests both governments to submit the list of their nominees to the AUHIP.

The meeting of the AUPSC comes at a time of improved relations between the two countries and the heads of state, perhaps explaining why the Council was reluctant to take any decision that upset the recent improvement in ties.

Until a meeting earlier this month between the two presidents in Khartoum, Sudan had been threatening to stop allowing South Sudan to export its oil through its territory.

(ST)

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  • 25 September 2013 07:32, by william

    AU have been bought by Khartoum to buy time while Thabo Mbeke continue with his ammunition business in Khartoum! What bring this delaying tactic meanwhile, the area was already ruled by PCA that it is belong to Nine Ngok Dinka CHIEFDOM which supposed to decide their future? we must take action now. AU BUSINESS had exceeded the limit!

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  • 25 September 2013 07:41, by Big Boy

    Africa leaders are cowad to implemented or full commitment for their promised to the peoples of abyei to resolve the dispute abyei...????? AU go to the hell to the Jeopardize this sitaution in abyei.

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  • 25 September 2013 07:52, by Konkooc

    Referendum will take place in October which day in October, why au just say october without the exact day is the big problem now.

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    • 25 September 2013 08:36, by Peter Mading

      Bashir is the African King and his recommendations or decisions are so heavy for the rest of the African head of states to alter. What Bashir said should not be opposed. Bashir is now climbing a ladder and is seeking Visa to attend the UN summit in New York. A test to the Americans and European Community. Bashir weight millions tons compare to other world leaders. AU and UNSC are nothing to Bashir

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    • 25 September 2013 08:48, by Tutbol

      Let those AU spineless clowns go f-ck themselves. S Sudanese gave this Arabs- Europeans-US employ flatforms as a serious institution and as such; the pupptets behind this useless club, who have the intelligents of babies consider the S Sudanese as kids they can bully to their cowardness that made Mbeki’s S Africa a European owned country...

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      • 25 September 2013 09:03, by Tutbol

        ...in Africa. Are S Sudanese fools to heed this useless club calls? Libya was invaded by the gulf states, Europeans and the US, the elected govt of Egypt was replaced by the above criminals institutions and so did the govt of C.A.R, it was toppled by the same three new world’s order criminals of our 21st century. And what did the AU do? Cowering like goats being led to cross the Nile river!

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        • 25 September 2013 09:21, by Tutbol

          ...whoever is calling for another delaying layer of creating another joint adminstration between S Sudan & N Sudan over Abyiei before referandum should have his/her damn skull examine. What different will the joint adminstration make; if not only to serve the criminals the likes of the UK & several other criminals who still think; that they could still use S Sudanese as pawns to encroach to Africa

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          • 25 September 2013 09:42, by Tutbol

            ...through their usual games. But Abyiei Ngok Dinka people who have suffered for so long must be made to come back to their peoples, cum-sun-rain. Those who still want our people to still have anything to do with our so-called N Sudan Arabs, are not S Sudanese friends and should always be taken as such. We S Sudanese should have nothing to do with these Arabs crims.

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            • 25 September 2013 16:36, by Tiger

              Mbeki.
              You’re free to do whatever you desire,but if Dr.John was alive or someone like Dr.Machar was in power,you shouldn’t be flip flapping your game around here.but you’re free to play this fool’s mind.S.Sudanese cannot be played that long by you and your Arabs friend,so please watchout.

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  • 25 September 2013 10:14, by Jalaby

    To Mr. Chol A,
    I challenged you before that there is no referendum will be conducted in Abyei in October and what I said is going to be true and what you said is going to be false!
    AU is the main supporter for Abyei protocol between north-south and no referendum result can be acknowledged by the world without AU approval!

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    • 25 September 2013 10:19, by Jalaby

      Did I ever tell you something that never occur?! did I ever lie to you guys?!
      Now Mr. Chol A., you’re required to have your paper toilet ready to wipe your ass! Thanks!
      I promised to remind you and I’ll remind you again when October overs without the referendum being conducted by Abyei people who are no good except in making big noises!!

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    • 25 September 2013 14:57, by zulu

      Prepare for war over this.
      It is nonsense to say one word now and another next if the preseded case has been settled. Sudan has defied the UN and AU, so we should take matters into our own hands and settle it for good.

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  • 6 October 2013 21:32, by Northern Sudanese

    accept the truth that no referendum over Abyei will take place without full participation of the arab misseireyah tribe :P
    the area would automatically be transferred to Sudan! your president has been lying to you over and over again that a referendum would take place so where is it?
    without misseireyah, no referendum will take place.so the last option is divide Abyei with bahr arab as the border

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