Home | News    Monday 5 October 2015

Machar calls for emergency meeting to discuss Kiir’s unilateral decree on 28 states


October 4, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudanese armed opposition leader, Riek Machar, has called for an emergency meeting to discuss president Salva Kiir’s recent unilateral decree creating 28 states in South Sudan and its implications on the peace agreement the rival leaders concluded in August on the basis of the current 10 states.

South Sudan’s rebel leader Riek Machar, second left, looks across after shaking hands with South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir, center-right wearing a black hat, after lengthy peace negotiations in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Monday, Aug. 17, 2015 (Photo AP/Mulugeta Ayene)

His office has revealed that the national liberation council of the opposition faction will convene a meeting in the third week of October to deliberate on the implications of the new development and its toll on the peace deal.

“Chairman and Commander-in-Chief of SPLM/SPLA, Cde Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon, has called for an emergency meeting of the National Liberation Council on October 20, 2015. The meeting will discuss implications of the unilateral creation of 28 states by president Salva Kiir’s decree on the peace agreement,” Machar’s press secretary, James Gatdet Dak, told Sudan Tribune on Sunday.

Earlier, officials of the opposition faction of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO), warned that the unilateral decision made after the peace agreement was concluded based on the 10 states would have serious implications on major provisions of the peace deal and open up the agreement for renegotiations that would drag the country back to square one.

It was not clear why the government made the unilateral decision to accept creation of more federal states at this time when it rejected the similar demand from the opposition at the peace talks in Addis Ababa to create 21 federal states.

But president Kiir in his republican decree explained that he delayed the creation of the states due to preparation for referendum and independence of the country and it was therefore time to create more states after the independence of 2011.

Machar’s opposition faction argued that the explanation by the president did not make sense and was “unconvincing” because the referendum and independence were achieved four years ago, but the president rejected the similar proposal during the recent peace talks.

If the president shared the idea to create more states after independence, Dak earlier argued, he would have presented to the peace talks his 28 states proposal as the opposition was also presenting its 21 states proposal and an agreement would have been reached on the number of states, their basis for creation and when they should come into effect.

“We are not against creation of more federal states. Actually we initiated this during the nearly two years of peace negotiations in Addis Ababa. The regime in was the one that rejected the idea and forced the parties to sign the peace agreement on the basis of the current 10 states. All the provisions about governance in the agreement are based on the 10 states,” said Dak.

“Now for the regime to say it has suddenly accepted creation of more federal states and to do it unilaterally outside the peace agreement is a clear violation of the accord,” he said.

Dak further accused the government of having “pride in trouble-making and prolonging the suffering of the people of South Sudan.”

President Kiir while signing the peace agreement on 26 August, 9 days late after his rival, Machar inked the deal on 17 August, said the document was neither the Bible nor the Quran and warned of difficulty in the implementation of the agreement due to a list of reservations he complained about.

The South Sudanese leader was referring to a comment by the former Sudanese leader Jaafer Mohamed Niemeri, who once uttered the no-Bible no-Quran comment when he was about to abrogate the Addis Ababa agreement he signed with former South Sudanese rebel movement in 1972 in Addis Ababa.

Dak lamented that it was unfortunate the government imitated the words of president Nimieri in the "destruction" of the peace agreement, but could not copy president Omer Al-Bashir’s style in "introducing federalism" in Sudan before the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed with the rebels in 2005.

He narrated that when president Bashir knew that the SPLM/SPLA, particularly the Nasir faction was in 1991 calling for self-determination for the people of South Sudan and establishment of federalism in Sudan, it went ahead in 1993 to divide Sudan into 26 federal states, with South Sudan ending up with the current 10 states, before the signing of the Khartoum Peace Agreement (KPA) on self-determination in 1997 and the CPA in 2005.

“The matter would have been a little bit different if Salva Kiir decreed his 28 states before the signing of the peace agreement in August,” he said.

He pointed out that the issue would have been discussed in the course of the peace negotiations by all parties, in the same line with the 21 states proposed by Machar’s group, adding that necessary amendments would have been made and incorporated into the peace deal with reflections on all the provisions on governance in the current agreement.

The East African regional bloc (IGAD) and its continental and international partners are yet to react to president Kiir’s decree.


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  • 5 October 2015 08:33, by Akuma

    Rebel Riek and his allied should just accept federalism as all South Sudanese people accepted across the country unless rebels had their own intention in federalism.

    • 5 October 2015 11:04, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

      Mr. Riak must drop all his usual paradoxic claims & allegations or just continue with ur war business. Riak has made South Sudan a personal property. Keep saying no & the govt keeps saying no too & we’ll see who’ll win ur senseless war btn u(Riak) & Kiir.

      • 5 October 2015 13:50, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

        If rebellion is more entertained than decentralization, then war is the option by the rebel leader Riak Machar. It’s constitutionally done & never reversible. You’ve taught people how to stay stubborn & hostile.

    • 5 October 2015 11:55, by Khent

      Salva Kiir is clearly not a ’leader’ in any sense of the word. The longer he stays at the helm the worse the situation will get for South Sudan. South Sudan had such promise but everything quickly unraveled after John Garang’s death - a man that was intelligent, visionary and charismatic... His successor is a myopic, single digit chimp with the charisma of a damp rag...

      • 5 October 2015 12:12, by Khent

        He seems to take some perverse delight in undermining South Sudan at every opportunity; the borders of the newly created States don’t make any sense -but more importantly- the timing does not make any sense. The Agreement was predicated on 10 States, and he should have demonstrated his credentials as a ’leader’ and a patriot by making seemingly intolerable compromises necessary for peace...

        • 5 October 2015 12:27, by Khent

          ..Salva Kiir should only create more States after the Interim Period - which is only a little over a year, and he shouldn’t do it unilaterally. The ’Council of States’ is the only body with the authority to alter State boundaries. Salva Kiir should demonstrate maturity and goodwill by removing the National Security Service from Juba, even if this wasn’t a requirement in the peace Agreement...

          • 5 October 2015 12:38, by Khent

            ..Equatoria and Western Bahr el Ghazal are perfect in their current form. Removing Raja county from Western Bahr el Ghazal and eliding it with a majority Dinka population makes no sense. Taking huge chunks from the lands of the great Chollo [Shilluk] people will just create more hatred and more wars; the Chollo have been deprived of Malakal, which undoubtedly belongs to them...

            • 5 October 2015 12:54, by Khent

              ..They’ve also lost what looks like 30% of Panyikang County. The Chollo lost the Eastern parts of Fashoda County to the Dinka when Akoka County was created in 2012; they also lost three villages to Jonglei’s Pigi County; they lost Athidhang, Obang and Ogod. So why is Salva Kiir engaging in internal colonization?

              • 5 October 2015 13:06, by Khent

                ..Well, because he relies on a Dinka militia group by the name of ’Abushiok’, whose fighters are sourced from Baliet, Melut and Renk to defend the oilfields in tandem with ’government’ forces. Salva Kiir seems to be taking a leaf out of Bashir’s genocidal book; the Baggara Murahaleen and the Janjaweed, which have now been re-christened [for lack of a better word] as the Rapid Support Forces...

                • 5 October 2015 13:12, by Eastern


                  I couldn’t agree more with you........

                • 5 October 2015 13:18, by Khent

                  ..Have played a vital role in Bashir’s war crimes and military successes. The newly created ’Boma State’ makes absolutely no sense and will just increase the justified feeling of marginalisation that the Anywaa currently endure. This ’Boma State’ has basically deprived them of their claims to significant portions of Akobo County, which the Mor Lou Nuer have since occupied...

                  • 5 October 2015 13:38, by Khent

                    ..and refuse to return in accordance with the 1956 borders. The Anywaa have been campaigning for years for the ’government’ to implement its own land laws, but evidently their concerns don’t matter and so the ’government’ ignores their pained pleas to manage their own affairs. This is a dictatorship and South Sudan no longer exists because of it. RIP South Sudan - 2011-2013.

            • 5 October 2015 15:49, by Hardlinner

              Khent, i respect your intellectual reasoning, but you can’t assumed that equatoria and west bahr el ghazal states are perfect at their current state. personally apart from lack of enough resources to support 28 states, i do believe it viable to create more states to accelerate development. break down of central responsibility is what we all want.

              • 5 October 2015 18:42, by Khent


                I thank you for your compliment. The Equatorian region doesn’t seem to be bedeviled by any noteworthy simmering ethnic tensions that would justify any changes to its borders. Western Bahr el Ghazal seems to have the greatest ethnic diversity of any State and isn’t dominated by any one particular group — it is balanced...

                • 5 October 2015 18:55, by Khent

                  ..I think I should point out that I vigorously pushed the idea of creating more States years ago, before any of these political factions had even suggested it, but Kiir’s timing is way off the mark. The Agreement will work only in the context of the 10 States, and so this reckless and illegal unilateral action may very well wreck the peace Agreement...

                  • 5 October 2015 19:11, by Khent

                    .. and usher in another prolonged period of needlessly destructive war. Salva Kiir has done everything to destroy South Sudan’s economic potential - and nothing demonstrates this more than when he attached South Sudan’s economic prospects to that of an enemy State so I don’t buy the suggestion that his latest breach of the peace Agreement is motivated by any real plan to facilitate development...

          • 5 October 2015 13:09, by Mr Point

            ... well said, Khent.

            • 5 October 2015 13:47, by Khent

              Thank you, Eastern and Mr Point.

  • 5 October 2015 09:09, by Zeki

    Riek and his groups must know that, done is done and no more change or negotiation. let Riek and his groups piss.

    • 5 October 2015 09:58, by Redeemer

      Mr. Dak
      Don’t spoil your career to be a well known lair, when The H.E the president mentioned the agreement not being a Bible or Quran he was referring to why IGAD was trying to reject the reservations saying the document cannot be amended to accommodate them. Now it is Riek and Kiir time let them spoil theirs your time is coming yet

  • 5 October 2015 10:47, by Mr Point

    General Kiir is incapable of winning war, incapable of making peace and not capable of changing the constitution unilaterally.

    Does he have the power to create 28 states by decree?

    No. It is an unconstitutional act.

    • 5 October 2015 10:47, by Mr Point

      What does the Constitution say about the States?

      162. General Provisions
      1. The territory of South Sudan is composed of ten states governed on the basis of decentralization.
      2. The constitutions of the states shall conform to this Constitution.
      3. State boundaries shall not be altered except by a resolution of the Council of
      States approved by two-thirds of all members.

      • 5 October 2015 11:16, by Rami Tot

        Mr Point

        do not waste your precious time talking with those idiots, we the Bul community together with our general refuse strongly this clanical divisions and will fight vigorous to protect our precious land from greeds of dinkasm
        Dinka think they are clever by annexting all oil producing areas and minerals to dinka people because people of s sduan are just dinka.

        • 5 October 2015 11:25, by Rami Tot

          Mr Point

          Dinka think like this.
          1-they are only people of s sudan
          2-oil in south sudan is belong to Dinka people.
          3-they can not be changed by any tribe in leadership.
          4-Dinka in Areas of Nuer shiluk and other tribes will be killed that is why they are selected out with other people resources and land.
          5-Dinka want to monipolate south sudan resources that is why they annext Raja to Aweil.

          • 5 October 2015 13:15, by Mr Point

            Rami Tot,

            I do not share your views. South Sudan has no viable future until tribal divisions become trivial.

            Revenge attacks between tribes increase the risk of the country becoming another Somali.

            The Dinka are not a unified group. Kiir, a Dinka, has done nothing for the Dinka of Abyei.

        • 5 October 2015 11:25, by Rami Tot

          Mr Point

          Dinka think like this.
          1-they are only people of s sudan
          2-oil in south sudan is belong to Dinka people.
          3-they can not be changed by any tribe in leadership.
          4-Dinka in Areas of Nuer shiluk and other tribes will be killed that is why they are selected out with other people resources and land.
          5-Dinka want to monipolate south sudan resources that is why they annext Raja to Aweil.

      • 5 October 2015 12:02, by Konan

        My friend, it is all about oil not federalization.Should this decree come into force, all oil resources will be under the control of Dinka Kingdom and other citizens can drink from the Nile river as must as they could. Lol

  • 5 October 2015 11:12, by Mr Point

    Obviously Kiir has no intention of holding to the Peace Agreement he signed.
    He has no intention of holding to the Constitution he signed.

    Under Kiir South Sudan will go the way of Somalia.

  • 5 October 2015 14:23, by John mamer

    @ Federalist
    this is what you people want especially the Nuer and Equatorian and now president had listen to you and do what you ask him to and instead to celebrate you are still not satisfy. those of you who donot like this can still go to him and say equatorial will be one state or we want to have one Naath(Nuer) state and he will give you your wishes as he is listening and caring president.

  • 5 October 2015 14:25, by John mamer

    Congratulation Our President for m the job well done that is what we were waiting for. no excuses again for lack of development in your area damn with free riders.

    • 5 October 2015 19:22, by Khent

      John mamer

      A ’caring President’? In what sense is that man ’caring’? If he was truly ’caring’ he wouldn’t have started this terrible war under a false prospectus; a war that has claimed tens of thousands of lives, displaced millions, with millions left hungry in one of the world’s worst humanitarian catastrophes...

      • 5 October 2015 19:28, by Khent

        ..And if he was ’caring’ he would have done everything in his power to bring this tragedy to an end as quickly as possible... instead he has deluded himself into thinking that the war can be won militarily; he has continuously demonstrated mule like intransigence until a peace Agreement was imposed on him from the outside - one that he is now tearing down bit by bit...

        • 5 October 2015 19:33, by Khent

          ..What world do you live in that you could truly believe such nonsense? A lot of you seem to think that loyalty to the State [no matter how criminal they are] is equal to loyalty to the Country. That simply isn’t the case. The opposite is true, but I suspect that I’m wasting my time.

          • 5 October 2015 20:46, by denng

            There is a lot of confusion at the moment, personally i’m still absorbing this. This is all a result of lack of consultation, and all the coming conflicts will forever remain Kiir’s legacy.There are obviously 3 immediate questions on everybody’s mind; 1.what happens to the peace agreement, 2.how will they finance these states and 3.how to setup the demographic borders? These are legitemate ,,,,,,,

            • 5 October 2015 21:00, by denng

              ,, questions. But this is where they should have started. But unfortunately the policy in play is patching up a leaky hose over and over instead of replacing it.

  • 5 October 2015 14:33, by Mapuor

    President Kiir acted on people’s demands. After our president listened to us we are now ready to defend the 28 states at any cost. Nobody is any body’s majority and nobody is any body’s minority. Each community will now manage their own affairs freely. Let Nuer go to their states and develop them. Enough is enough.

    • 5 October 2015 19:40, by Khent


      Lies, lies, all lies! Nobody is anybody’s majority in these new States? That’s a lie and you know it. The Dinka will be the clear majority in ’Lol State’; the Dinka will also dominate the Maban, Burun and Uduk tribes in ’Eastern Nile State’. This is a bad idea.

  • 5 October 2015 15:17, by Hardlinner

    Riek’s crooks should know that 21 states they proposed reflected british interest. case in point is the issue of Abyei. Riek 21 states does not reflect south sudanese interest but former british interest. all south sudanese support kiir 28 states except Riek stooges. all south sudanese should go on demonstration to tell Riek that they support kiir model.

  • 5 October 2015 16:30, by Dinka-Defender-General

    Guys, everybody should be happy with President Kiir’s idea specially Machar with his allies. Why fight again and you got all your wishes. Now, you go back and setups your desire government the way you want without Dinka interfering with your affairs. No Dinka domination or grab your land, resources. Just blames God for putting you in current place without oil.

  • 5 October 2015 16:42, by Dinka-Defender-General

    We, the Dinka people dedicated our lives for the freedom of South Sudan people, but got no appreciation for it. We showed our love, kindness, generosity, and we got none than land grabbers, greed, corrupt, and domination. Now, we gave you want and you’re telling us we took the oil. What do you really want from us?

  • 5 October 2015 16:55, by Dinka-Defender-General

    Not to brag, but to show you what we, the Dinka had achieved for you. I have to admitted 62 other tribes were there during our struggle for freedom. However, think about the first bullet in May 16, 1983 to 2005 CPA and never got recognition for it.

    • 5 October 2015 19:59, by Khent


      You’re so incredibly misinformed that I don’t know where to start. As I’ve already mentioned, the Dinka will be in control of States in which minority tribes will be at a distinct disadvantage. I don’t want the Dinka to dominate anyone and so the Jurbel of Wulu County shouldn’t be put together with three [3] Dinka Counties...

      • 5 October 2015 20:04, by Khent

        ..The Jurbel of Wulu County are probably the only ones that I would have granted a State. The rest of Lakes State is Dinka and shouldn’t be separated, for whatever reason. The oil and any other resource (s) belongs to the country as a whole. It does not belong to any particular tribe, even if it is in Dinka territory. Getting an extra 2% is almost inconsequential.

        • 6 October 2015 06:09, by Dinka-Defender-General

          Khent, thank you your for concerns. We will put some considerations into it during next meeting. Also we didn’t get any complaint from Jurbel people. We believe they will get along with Dinkas people perfectly.

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