Home | News    Thursday 8 October 2015

South Sudan rejects international pressure to reverse creation of 28 states

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October 7, 2015 (JUBA) - South Sudanese government said Wednesday it would not reverse presidential order creating and dividing the country into 28 states in violation of the peace agreement which it has signed with the armed opposition fighters allied to the former vice president, Riek Machar.

President Salva Kiir addresses the nation from the State House on September 15, 2015, in Juba (Photo AFP/Charles Atiki Lomodong)

Armed and non-armed opposition factions, South Sudanese opposition political parties, civil society organizations and the international community have condemned the unilateral decision by president Kiir to create the states, saying it is in violation of the country’s constitution and the peace agreement signed in August to end the 21-month long civil war.

But senior officials loyal to president Kiir have defied the international calls to suspend the decision, claiming the president acted in the interest of the people of South Sudan.

“The decision of the president is constitutional. It does not contravene any provisions in the constitution. The president acted within the law to serve the interest of the people from whom the constitution gets the basis,” said Martin Lomuro, cabinet affaris minister, in a briefing to reporters on Wednesday.

The will of our people is one of the sources of the constitution. The constitution talks about decentralization and the people who have always asked for devolution of powers to the lower level government. This could not be done in time because the government, as you know, was preoccupied with the implementation of the CPA (comprehensive peace agreement) and the referendum and then came this senseless war,” he echoed the previous explanations by president Kiir.

He said now that peace had come, the president and the government felt it was time to respond to this long standing demand of the people.

Lomuro denied that the creation of more states violated the peace agreement, claiming it has instead given the armed opposition forces more gubernatorial positions in the states they were given the upper hand to appoint or to make nominations for those who would become governors during the period of 30 months of the transitional period of the government of national unity.

“The order of the president has instead enriched the agreement even further. It gives the opposition more seats. Actually the order helps them to accommodate more of their members. They will now have 6 governors. The power ratio has been altered. The rebels will continue to get 40% of the power sharing in the [further divided] states of Upper Nile, Jonglei and Unity,” he added.

The presidential decision has received mixed reactions, with proponents claiming it would serve in the interest of the nation while the opponents asserting it would create more divisions.

Those overwhelmed with celebrations and euphoria of the establishment of new states would not welcome the reverse. Observers have warned any pressure on the president to reverse his decision could trigger another conflict.

“The decision of the president will not be reversed,” said Akot Deng Akot, caretaker governor of Northern Bahr el Ghazal state.

“The people of Northern Bahr el Ghazal, whether in one or three states will always stand behind the president and give him the support he deserves in every single step he makes in the interest of peace, unity, stability and empowerment of the people,” he said.

He added that the creation of more administrative units had been a long standing demand of the people of the youngest nation on earth.

The people of Northern Bahr el Ghazal, like other communities in South Sudan, also proposed creation of more administrative units, he said, further claiming that the president and his government could not act on time because of other commitments.

“He should be congratulated and supported for taking into consideration the demand of the people,” he said.

(ST

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  • 8 October 2015 00:00, by Mr Point

    When did Salva Kiir,whose term as President has expired, get the mandate to increase the number of states?

    It was not mentioned when he stood for election.

    It is a clear breach of article 162 of the Constitution.

    It sets a precedent for the President to do anything g he likes, without checks or balances.

    Is the country safe with Salva?

    • 8 October 2015 04:07, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

      These international communities with their rebels will one day regret their each-other blind support b’se it’s triggering majority of South Sudanese to join this aimless tribal war. All of us will never like it after who is who pressures.

      • 8 October 2015 04:18, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

        Sanction, sanction, sanction & so what? There’s already a sanction. Troika countries interests is vividly known. Our nation traitors have succeeded betraying & selling away this newest & youngest nation. They’re known one by one.

        • 8 October 2015 06:00, by Mi diit

          Look at this gloomy-face cowboy, schoolboy president of Gogrial.

          From the look of his face you can notice that he is visionless.

          This man needs a psychiatrist or a neurologist to examine his brain.

          He is a mad man for sure!

          • 8 October 2015 17:08, by Pure Nationalist

            The decree was tribaly inspired and deserve total rejection from sound minded South Sudanese who don’t see only today’s bread like Elia Lomoro whose fellow county people are being hunted by his boss’s tribal militias.

      • 8 October 2015 09:51, by Dengda

        Shadrack, be realistic here, how international will regret it? are you going to kill them or we just go killing ourselves, you guys must talk sense, you talk as if you don’t know the consequences so far, economic decline, prices rises in market and even no fuel in country which produce oil. Do you know What brought it, its a war. President in other part of the world is public servant not god.

    • 8 October 2015 09:25, by Augustino

      Were where you Mrs Pointless, you are behind the news, the president got powers mandated on him by the parliament early this year. Your stupid and idiots rebels refuse to come to peaceful negotiation, because we in government with parliament, his term was extended for another 3 years. If you were present in mind, you would read the recent peace agreement which gave him also 30 months in office.

    • 8 October 2015 13:51, by Rami Tot

      Raja people has been boosted with many dinka to neutralize them and exploit their copper resources by Dinka so Kiir has reward his Dinka with other people resources

      • 8 October 2015 13:53, by Rami Tot

        Mayom county, Rubkona county lands in Unity state, has been given to minority Bul alor (Abimnom county and Parieng county) in order to meet both counties from north west unity state to north east of unity state

        • 8 October 2015 13:55, by Rami Tot

          This Nguen Manytuil has surrendered his father kuot Manytuil to Abimnom people his father has welcomed them some fifty years back when two uniting Dinka fought over meat of goat which resulted into dispersal of Abimnom people away from Parieng county now is getting back with big piece of land from his host. With presidential decree it has severely affecting all mayom county which loose five payams

          • 8 October 2015 13:59, by Rami Tot

            The Areas which Dinka can dilutes its’ indigenous inhabitants and benefits from their resources are Raja, Nuer of Adariel and Shilluk of malakal with many areas in its….. but for the people of mayom Rubkona will except theirs land being taken away them. Eventhough Nguen manytuil has surrendered to president

            • 8 October 2015 13:59, by Rami Tot

              Salva Kiir decision of country look like separation of country into countries so that they enjoy the resources alone which is already given to Dinka and as a president will no longer concerns with other ethnicities in the country because he granted to his fellows’ Dinka other people resources.

              • 8 October 2015 14:02, by Rami Tot

                Many people see it as violations of agreement from day one because it is unilateral decision which didn’t include the other partner peace and violation of constitution of CPA two with former arms opposition members

    • 8 October 2015 14:14, by Rami Tot

      Raja people’ chief Fartak crying when recognising the Dinka greedness with copper resources to strongly reject the unification with Aweil peole because they have different cultures’’’agriculturalist and posturalist https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/tribal-leaders-raja-reject-newly-created-lol-state

      • 8 October 2015 17:45, by Khent

        Rami Tot

        Abiemnom has NEVER belonged to the Nuer so this fictitious grievance that you’re putting forward will be dismissed. Abiemnom has always been the home of the Ruweng Dinka - and always will be. To be clear, I don’t agree with Salva Kiir’s badly timed, illegal unilateral decree. There I go again - unintentionally rhyming. LOL!

  • 8 October 2015 01:13, by Uncle J

    Mr. Point
    You must be sleeping or you must be a Nuer layman because Nuer are truly psychotic in the way they understand things even a simple logic that can take a five year old kid one minute to get it right, for Nuer it is another case. Where were you when Salva term got extended for another three years? recently the letter head of invitation to UN Gen. assembly addressed Kiir as president of S.

    • 8 October 2015 11:32, by Mr Point

      Uncle J
      Here are the facts.

      1). I am not Nuer. My family is Dinka.
      2) Salva’s term was not extended constitutionally by election but by his own decree.

      It is clear that Salva has torn up the constitution. He is not President for you, he is President for himself.

      A five year old kid will explain the things you don’t know.

  • 8 October 2015 01:20, by lino

    This government should be sanctioned and membership suspended in all regional and international arena till it is back to it’s sense.

    • 8 October 2015 06:09, by Mi diit

      Lino,

      I do agree. This failed Dinka council of looters government has been a disgraced to the people of South Sudan. Kiir is the world’s most foolish president in the 21st century.

      His government should be dismembered from all regional and international bodies until a right administration with vision takes over.

  • 8 October 2015 11:35, by Son of Ngundeng

    Dear All:
    Salva kiir must listen to the world leaders last time he refused to sign peace but at last he did it, Salva Kiir he always change his mind when he drunk.
    We are tried of Sultan Kiir and his (Jieng council of thieves elders)

    Son of Ngundeng
    currently in front line
    Pathay Jonglei State.

  • 8 October 2015 19:07, by American Missile.

    President is mandated by the constitution of the Republic of South Sudan in which authorized him to creates 28 States which nobody from the foreigners to interfered in with the constitutional laws of the land.Anybody, questioning the creation of the new States is Unsounded minded.



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