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South Sudan opposition parties seek unity against 28 states


October 27, 2015 (JUBA) - A national alliance of 18 South Sudanese opposition political parties have launched a country-wide campaign against what they described as the "unconstitutional" unilateral creation of 28 states by a presidential order and urged citizens to oppose its implementation.

South Sudan’s main opposition leader, Lam Akol (AFP)

President Salva Kiir on 2 October issued an executive order, directing creation of 28 new states from the current constitutionally recognized 10 states. The controversial order, which was earlier to be implemented without parliamentary approval was tabled before the parliament for endorsement last week.

The order faced stiff resistance from the armed opposition faction of SPLM-IO, led by former vice president, Riek Machar, former detainees led by former secretary general, Pagan Amum, civil society organizations, IGAD regional bloc and the wider international community.

All the opponents cited violations of the country’s transitional constitution, 2011, and the recent peace agreement signed in August on the basis of the current 10 states by rival warning parties.

However, the government said it will go ahead with the implementation of the new states despite the growing opposition.

The alliance of the main opposition parties led by Lam Akol said they have put in place strategic plans seeking support from other political forces and members of the general public to convince the Supreme Court of South Sudan to stay presidential order.

“It is the responsibility of all of us, whether as political parties, as civil society, as churches, whether as Muslims or Christians and whether as government supporters or ordinary citizens, to come out with one voice and tell the government and the supreme court that this order should be suspended,” Martin Abe Aligo, secretary general of alliance of 18 political parties told Sudan Tribune in an interview on Tuesday.

“The court should stay the order in the interest of peace, unity of our people and the country,” he said.

The alliance, according to the leading opposition figure, is also working hard to bring a change of the system and to install a new recognizing and embracing pluralism, free speech, expression and the right to assemble and advocate for political programs.

He added that this aims at addressing the common interest of the people and promote strong bilateral relations with neighbouring countries and the region.

“There is a clear vision for this which we are working hard to achieve. Our vision is to create an opportunity for all South Sudanese to create a political order that is based on the consent of all the people and replace the outdated hegemonic culture of a single group dominating the rest,” said Aligo.

The new vision, he explained, is to dismantle and establish a just, fair and democratic political order, where the respect of human rights and the rule of law are genuinely granted to all.

The group, he added, has been conducting diplomatic, advocacy, media and other campaigns to change the current undemocratic political culture and oppressive system in the country.

It is unclear whether the Supreme Court will stay the presidential order, with critics suggesting that the president of the highest court had already pre-empted the court’s decision in support of the 28 states when he as chairman of a Dinka community in Warrap state promised support the president’s decision.

The armed opposition, SPLM-IO, warned that the unilateral creation of the 28 states will jeopardize the peace agreement which was based on the current 10 states, calling on the government to suspend it.


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  • 28 October 2015 00:56, by lino

    Gen. Kiir is pushing to create a monolithic state in SS. Bashair with his Islamic Agenda failed miserably to create it in Old Sudan, but can Kiir succeeds in South Sudan?

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    • 28 October 2015 03:23, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

      Enough is enough of opposition & rebellion! We strongly want 28 states & whoever goes preaching against will face tough resistence whether president Kiir, rebel leader Riak, opp leader Lam or others like that. We’ll have a genuine reason to defend our interests like opposition & rebels. Let’s go ahead!

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      • 28 October 2015 04:56, by jubaone

        Shadrack Nuer,

        If you´re anywhere in Equatoria, then get ready to get out. There is nothing wrong with 28, 64 or even 100 states except the jaang can not simply curve out other peoples lands for themselves. Now some jienges in Juba have renamed Juba na Bari into "thong piny", later they will say, they are Juba-jienges. No, you belong to the luaks, period. Yes to Kokora, Thank you Kiir.

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        • 28 October 2015 07:51, by Khent


          You’re an idiot - an embittered fool without any grasp of reality. I have condemned this criminal ’government’ for not abiding by the 1956 borders and for allowing its members and prominent Generals to steal plots of land in Equatoria. Lands acquired illegally must be returned to their rightful owners, but if you think that you’re going to force the Dinka out of Equatoria - think again.

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          • 28 October 2015 08:00, by Khent

            ..How did Kokora work out the last time it was tried? Sure, hundreds [possibly thousands] of Dinkas died, but it didn’t end well for Equatoria either, did it? You lost more people in the aftermath. And this was when the North was here to give a hand to anybody willing to fight the Dinka. Well, the North isn’t physically here anymore...

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            • 28 October 2015 08:08, by Khent

              ..Be reasonable. 33-40% of the population simply isn’t going to allow anybody to force them out of the capital, especially after they lost over a million people fighting Khartoum. Personally, I would love for the Dinka to leave Equatoria and concentrate on building up their own areas, but you cannot force them out of an entire region because you hate them. Die in your hatred and impotence, fool.

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              • 28 October 2015 15:55, by jubaone


                That is typical of jaang scum, exagerating their role in liberation struggle. You talk that jienge shit to those who never particpated in the struggle; those who spent their lives in Kakuma camp and idly strolling the streets of Khartoum or went to the US as lost boys. If you liberated the South, you should have liberated your mindset, you aryan-jienge.

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                • 28 October 2015 16:02, by jubaone

                  ..The fact that jaangs wont leave Equatoria or Juba for that matter, is that most live as destitutes without adequate food, fugitives and escapees from wanton killings and chaos in their own areas. Show me a single jienge town that has been developed by stolen monies by "benydits-bandits"?Always wanting ready-made things, unable to develop their own. You curve out new jaang states with a view to..

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                  • 28 October 2015 16:14, by jubaone

                    own the oil. But even then, it wont bring benefit to you cos most of you live happily in Nimule, Yei Juba and Torit. So why dont you get your jaang-ass back in either Bor, Yirol or Rumbek? Cos you may die of hunger or get killed for having a nice underpant or shirt.Did you ask why Equatorians dont want to live with jaangs or in jaang areas? You counter, I am ready for a long showdown with you.

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                • 28 October 2015 16:09, by Khent


                  And you’re just a typical mindless animal filled with hate. What other tribe stayed the course until 2005? Was it the Nuer that defected in 91 and provided tens of thousands of its militiamen to Khartoum’s services only to return in 2006? Was it the ’Fertit’ that worked hand in hand with the SAF? Was it the Murle that depended on Khartoum’s largesse?

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                  • 28 October 2015 16:13, by Khent

                    Was it the Equatorians that had numerous Khartoum supported militias like the Equatorial Defence Force, the Bari dominated Popular Resistance Movement/Army, the Mundari militia and tribes like the Toposa, Lotuka, Didinga, Boya, Acholi and many others that I cannot all list? I’ll provide evidence for my claims.

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                    • 28 October 2015 16:13, by Khent

                      In 1988, the SPLM and international human rights organizations accused the Sudanese government of attempted genocide of the Dinka. Modern military equipment, including helicopters and cargo planes adapted as bombers, were used to devastating effect against Dinka villages, and more than 1 million Dinka are believed to have died in the conflict. (Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa)

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                      • 28 October 2015 16:19, by Khent

                        Where do you think the money for the infrastructural development that have taken place in Juba since 2005 came from? It came from funds derived from Dinka oil. All the development projects have been concentrated in Equatoria particularly in Juba and this is why the Dinka [among others] choose to stay in the capital. You didn’t develop Juba with your own funds, derived from your own resources...

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                        • 28 October 2015 16:23, by Khent

                          You seem to think that the Dinka have uniquely benefited from Salva Kiir’s incompetent Presidency. South Sudan is the most oil dependent country on earth! 98% of our budget is oil derived. 85-90% of that oil is sourced from Dinka lands. Our lands contribute more to the budget than the lands of the other 63 tribes, combined...

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                          • 28 October 2015 16:24, by Khent

                            ..And yet the little infrastructure development that has taken place has been concentrated in Equatoria — away from our lands. We provided more divisions, battalions and martyrs than all the tribes combined. We lost over a million Dinka civilians. Far from being rewarded, we have been burdened by this ’government’.

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                            • 28 October 2015 16:32, by Khent

                              South Sudan doesn’t produce enough food on its own, even to feed Equatoria. Virtually all of South Sudan’s food comes from Uganda, Kenya and many other East African countries; and because of Juba’s strategic position and its access to East African markets, people are understandably lured to it. Equatoria was also the place where international aid agencies set up shop during the war...

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                              • 28 October 2015 16:40, by Khent

                                ..Upper Nile and Bahr el Ghazal were utterly destroyed because that’s where the movement derived its soldiers from. Large battles were fought in Equatoria [mostly by Nilotics], but you people were never Khartoum’s target and so your people and your region came out of the war virtually unscathed, and now you wonder why people flock to Equatoria?

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                                • 28 October 2015 16:51, by Khent

                                  The Dinka should stay in their own lands and develop them, but if any of them -for whatever reason- decide to relocate to Equatoria, then that is their prerogative that no hate-filled little man will do anything about. You’re an ignorant, hateful and delusional fool with an inflated view of your own region.

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                                  • 28 October 2015 16:57, by Khent

                                    The initial problems between Garang and Kawac arose because of fears of the large numbers of Malwal who joined the SPLA campaigns in Ethiopia. In modern times it is claimed that 80 percent of the ethnic composition of the SPLA is Dinka. Of this percentage, however, 45 percent comprises of Malwal recruits alone. (Sudan’s Blood Memory: The Legacy Of War Ethnicity And Slavery In Early South Sudan)

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                            • 29 October 2015 06:15, by jubaone

                              Equally mind-boggling is why jieng would use their oil resources to develop Equatoria instead of their luaks. Sane persons would have began developing their own homes instead of somewhere else. It is this innate jieng drive to go anywhere and settle while refusing to remain at home which partly explains the lack of patriotism; hate for ones land. Dont brag yourself with Juba, rather with Yirol or.

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                              • 29 October 2015 06:22, by jubaone

                                Kuajok or Aweil. In 2011, the NLA thought of relocating the capital City to Ramciel. All 3 Equatorian governors were ready to put up the logistics to implement that. Suddenly, jieng parliamentarians reneged and dropped the idea. They felt comfortable in Juba than in the bushes of Ramciel. Today, Equatorians want the quick implementation of the 28 states to allow some breathing space.

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                                • 29 October 2015 06:34, by jubaone

                                  It is this jaang hegemonic tendencies to have it all that has brought this mess in South Sudan. 90% of all ambassadors; 95% the SPLA; 80% of all top positions in the civil service, parastatal organizations, 87% of govt. expenditure in the hands of jaang, but no single concrete evidence of development in their home areas except houses in Kenya, Uganda, Australia and luxury cars. What is wrong?

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                                  • 29 October 2015 06:43, by jubaone

                                    Only when the jaang turn to God, learn to love and respect life, refrain from greed, envy, murder, theft and become law abiding can investors and other Junubin begin to get to jaang areas to help in development. As of now, no sane person wants to have anything with them. Thats why the 28 is a blessing. Jaang love themselves and have to be left alone and so these jaang states are good. Good luck

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                      • 29 October 2015 06:08, by jubaone


                        Hunger, jieng-internal squabbles (Think of militias led by Kerubino Kuanyin, Abdel-bagi Ayii in BEG), muraheleen slavers pillaging jieng villages, diseases are some indirect causes but should not be used as justification to now "own" the South. Such however, has been the jieng argument to justify their rapacious and insatiable greed to own, misapproriate South´s resources at will.

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                        • 29 October 2015 06:52, by Khent


                          You’re an idiot. Juba was further developed because it was already well established and has been our capital for decades. This has nothing to do with some some innate yearning [by the Dinka] to move away from home. The opposite is true. Like most African governments, this idiotic ’government’ concentrated development projects in the capital - which is at odds with what Garang proposed..

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                          • 29 October 2015 07:02, by Khent

                            ..Now, if the Dinka are a monolith [as you so desperately want to believe] why is this criminal ’government’ not implementing any of the plans that Dr. John Garang drew up? Garang wanted to move the capital to Lakes State, and had he survived, he most certainly would have done precisely just that. Building a new capital requires money - lots of money...

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                            • 29 October 2015 07:17, by Khent

                              ..Money that the criminals in Juba would rather steal for themselves and their families. The NLA didn’t come up with the idea of moving the capital — it was Garang that thought of that long before he died. It all fell apart when Salva Kiir succeeded Garang. The Tigray-Tigrinya and Amhara tribes dominate Ethiopia and yet they haven’t moved the capital to Mekelle...

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                              • 29 October 2015 07:28, by Khent

                                ..Immediately following Dr. John Garang’s death, it was the Equatorians that insisted that Juba remain the capital of South Sudan and that Dr. John Garang’s body could be safely entombed in that city after many Dinka voices evoked the memory and spectre of Kokora. The capital should have been moved over a decade ago, but the Equatorian leadership had a hand it scuttling such plans...

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                                • 29 October 2015 07:36, by Khent

                                  ..So don’t pretend that this was somehow imposed on you. I very much doubt that you would be able to provide any sources of merit for your fanciful percentages. With that being said, I’ve long argued that Dinka representation in government should not be in excess of 10-20% in order to have a political arena in which all tribes are well represented...

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                                  • 29 October 2015 07:41, by Khent

                                    We must all understand that a country should be governed by law; law that can be readily referenced, deferred to and applied equally among citizens. South Sudan is ruled by men — corrupt, heartless and capricious men with no regard for the rule of law. An example of this is the ’government’s refusal to abide by its own 2009 Land Act..

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                                    • 29 October 2015 07:42, by Khent

                                      ..An Act that establishes the inviolability of tribal borders as they were in 1956. This means that the Dinka must give up any claims to Malakal, Panyikango County and areas the Dinka have annexed from the eastern segment of Fashoda County. The Chollo kingdom should have its own State, away from the meddling and intimidation of the Dinka, with all its lands intact.

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                                      • 29 October 2015 07:43, by Khent

                                        There is no reason why Raja County should be elided with Aweil or why the Maban must be dominated by the Dinka of Upper Nile. I want all the non-Dinka territories of Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile to govern themselves. Wulu county [Jurbel] should be removed from Rumbek’s jurisdiction. The Jurbel of Wulu County deserve their own State - away from the ignorance, violence and chaos of Lakes State.

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                                        • 29 October 2015 07:49, by Khent

                                          I’ve noticed that you’ve NEVER condemned the Nuer for stealing the lands of the Anyuak [an entire County] and the lands of the Burun - again, an entire County, but you get incandescent with rage about mostly prominent Dinka politicians and Generals for stealing plots of land in Equatoria. When are you going to condemn the Nuer for stealing Akobo County and Logochuk County?

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                                          • 29 October 2015 09:32, by Khent

                                            Kerubino wasn’t able to attract the Dinka to his Khartoum aligned militia, instead he consorted with Paulino Matip’s Bul Nuer in order to carry out his raids in Bahr el Ghazal. His foot soldiers were Nuer - not Dinka. Every social group has people like Abdel Bagi Ayii, a death-deserving traitor that probably wasn’t able to scrounge together any more than a hundred like-minded traitors.

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      • 28 October 2015 19:23, by Mr Point

        Why is it that those shouting loudest for 28 states are unable to support it with a reasoned argument?

        Tell me 5 reasons why 28 states will be good for South Sudan’s citizens.

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  • 28 October 2015 01:57, by Mr Point

    Why are the opposition against Salva Kiir’s decree for 28 states?
    Even though the geography is unworkable, the decree is unconstitutional, the division did not have consultation or study and so even Paul Malong finds problems with it.

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    • 28 October 2015 06:57, by Panda Odhie

      SPLMDC is a Shilluk party which form to employed Chollo

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  • 28 October 2015 07:51, by Akuma

    Lam and his allies should know that South Sudanese people are duly supporting the creation of 28 states by Pres. Kiir. If those of Lam & his Allies don’t want what South Sudanese demanded for centuries of years, then they should join Riek so that we know their position in South Sudan.

    Where were they want rebel Riek create 21 states? Lam & Riek are birds of the same feathers.

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  • 28 October 2015 09:20, by Uncle J

    Too late for bunch of useless opposition parties to convince citizens that are already decided to the 28 states. You can’t change anybody’s mind since it answered the calls for the same federal system Riek Machar was tryingying to use as his political slogan to turn citizens against president Kiir. Whether it was Riek idea it doesn’t makes any different now

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  • 29 October 2015 07:29, by Angelo Achuil

    My questions are two:

    1. With our attitude of continual hatred and badmouthing other ethnic groups at home and internet, is there wonder in why we are easily tricked into tribal conflict by politicians?

    2. If power is given to one man to create states at anytime, can he also not have same power to unmake them anytime he wishes?

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