Home | News    Wednesday 4 November 2015

IGAD says security agreement officially ends S. Sudan war


By Tesfa-Alem Tekle

November 3, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – Mediators from the East African regional bloc (IGAD) which brokered a peace deal between South Sudan rival factions officially declared on Tuesday that the nearly two years long conflict in the young nation was over.

IGAD chief mediator Seyoum Mesfin (L) and the SPLM In Opposition’s lead negotiator, Taban Deng Gai, attend the resumption of South Sudan talks in Addis Ababa on 11 February 2014 (Photo: Reuters/Tiksa Negeri)

"IGAD’s special envoy, Seyoum Mesfin, made the declaration after a final agreement on South Sudan Security Arrangement was signed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia by principal signatories of the accord to resolve the political crisis in the country.

Major. Gen. Stephan Babanen from South Sudan government and Lt. Gen. James Koamg Chuoal Ranley from the armed opposition (SPLM-IO) as well as Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak of the former detainees signed the agreement at Sheraton hotel in Addis Ababa.

The IGAD’s special envoys, IGAD plus, international peace partners, government officials, diplomats and friends of South Sudan witnessed the agreement signing ceremony.

The warring parties have been meeting at the chief negotiators level, including their military command from 21 October to 3 November 2015 and held extensive discussions on planning implementation of the signed agreements.

Other agenda items included were concerns raised by the IGAD mediation on its proposed harmonization document and in any other concerns needed to be resolved to ensure the implementation of the permanent cease fire and operationaliaztion of the institutions provided for in the agreement and in the implementation time line.

As per the final IGAD imposed proposal on security arrangements, the warring factions on Tuesday signed an agreement on the total number of forces that will remain in Juba.

According to the agreement, the two sides will deploy a total 4,830 shared forces in Juba, 3,420 for Juba and 1,410 for the SPLM in opposition. The South Sudanese government will, as stipulated in the deal, get 650 presidential guards while SPLM-IO will have 350.

A total of 1,820 guards and military police to be shared by the two sides will also be deployed and with a unified command to decide on their status, encampment and deployment.

The parties have also agreed for the deployment of 3,000 joint integrated police 1,500 each to guard security of Juba. Moreover they will deploy a total of 2,400 joint integrated police 400 to each town in Bor, Malakal, and Bentiu.

The signatory parties further committed themselves to build confidence between the parties to the agreement and ensure security was provided to leaders and civilians in the country.

After the agreement was signed, Taban Deng Gai chief negotiator of the SPLM-IO said the day marks a critical step towards the full implementation of the peace agreement.

“This is a historic day to the people of South Sudan. We are committed to fully implement the peace agreement and more importantly to the reunification of the SPLM” Gai

He said the unification of SPLM is key to reunite the people of South Sudan and reconcile the nation.

Michael Makuei, acting chief negotiator of South Sudan government to his side echoed Gai’s remarks saying his government would remain committed to the implementation of the peace agreements.

He said the day marks a start to a real operationalisation of signed agreements.

“Today we will start implementation as we move from here”

Tuesday’s gathering, Makuei said, is the last meeting in Addis Ababa.

“From now onwards we are transferring the implementation of the agreement in to South Sudan” He said adding “What ever difficulties and hurdles we might face along the way we will address them all together”.

Despite a final peace agreement signed in August, the two sides didn’t move forward on the implementation as they were reluctant to do so without proper security arrangement on ground.

While congratulating the two conflicting parties on their commitment to overcome the crises, Ambassador Seyoum Mesfin, Chairman of IGAD special envoys expressed optimism that the world will soon witness a peaceful and prosperous South Sudan.

“We are confident that by mid of this month we will inaugurate a solid progress achieved towards the implementation of the process in Juba; if possible that the inauguration will be crowned with leaders of IGAD and many friends of South Sudan with the presence of all signatory parties at the highest level possible”

Mesfin also hoped to inauguration would see the taking over of Botswana former president and head of GEMK, Festus Gontebayo pushing forward the process of the implementation.

The former Ethiopian foreign minister however noted still a need for a collective support for the realization of the implementation process.


Mean while SPLM-IO high level team is due to leave for Juba in 15 November, Taban Deng Gai chief negotiator of the SPLM-IO announced today.

While announcing Gai brought the house in to laughter when he said “once again comrade Michael Makuei prepare for our reception”

He called on other partners to support the process of the implementation which political analysts say could be a major challenge ahead.

In Juba, the delegation will discuss with the government in a number of issues mainly on security issues before the opposition group led by first Vice president designate Riek Machar, and his forces return to Juba.

The SPLM-IO and the former detainees will communicate with Juba on peace building, mobilization, and sensitization of the public through dissemination of the agreement.

Opposition officials told Sudan Tribune that SPLM-IO leader, first vice-president designate, Riek Machar has left today to rebel headquarters in Pagak.

In Pagak, Machar is expected to endorse Taban Deng Gai to lead the SPLM-IO high level teamto Juba.

He will also update his political and military officials on the latest reached agreement and will decide with them on Juba’s unilateral move to expand South Sudan states from ten to 28.


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Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 3 November 2015 23:30, by Akol Liai Mager

    Great news for South Sudan however, SPLM’ leaders and their generals have long way to go to prove to the nation that they are fully committed to peace. Hopping that the little remain resources and efforts will now be utilised to fight poverty and building roads and primary healthcare Centres across Payams and Bomas. May God bless the young nation, Amen!

    • 3 November 2015 23:34, by chuol

      AKol Liar
      what little resources when you gave all to Uganda?
      Juba is dry as we speak. .

      • 3 November 2015 23:39, by Akol Liai Mager

        Well, not everyone will get satisfied by any decision made by any country folk and that’s normal. You reserve your rights to think that way as I do this way. The most important is that, guns get silence and everyone on the run return to his/her rubbles to restart new life and that’s paramount to Power-ambition. Come back and you will be surprised that only peace generates smile.

        • 3 November 2015 23:49, by chuol

          Brother AKol

          To be sincere, gun is not yet silence. As we speak Dook are finishing in LeercCounty from the hand of 5000 Spla and 2500 Buldinka militias n Jagee i of koangnyangom. Every Nuer Dok family is mourning now.

      • 3 November 2015 23:47, by Akol Liai Mager

        I hope that God intervene to rescue you from hatred before its ends your breathe. On the hand, what exactly in your head that provoked you to call me a liar and not the so-called SPLM’ factions leaders who are killing our people just because of one Presidential seat? I thought people would unite and face off with the brutal Generals wether this or that SPLM’ faction.

        • 3 November 2015 23:54, by chuol

          AKol Liai

          I didn’t meant to call you lair but the keyboard automatically changed Liai to lair
          sorry FOR that brother

          • 4 November 2015 00:25, by Akol Liai Mager

            Accepted on the basis of spelling error and thanks Chuol for your clarifications. On the continuation of suffering from Dok Nuer or any other section of our nation, all SPLM’ factions without exception take the blame and may God be with the victims. It took days, weeks to put those guns in the hands of people, but it will take years to recollect them before everyone enjoy peace.

    • 4 November 2015 03:50, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      It is seem finishing every disagreement corners of security arrangement but not ended, let the rebels remove the call of reversal of created 28 States by president,
      Let Machar, endorsed it instead to challenge the president decision.

  • 3 November 2015 23:31, by chuol

    As we are celebrating this final peace, BulDinka in Mayom and PariengDinka in parieng are mourning because of the atrocities they have done on their state members.

    My question
    Are the unilateral decree no. 36 for 28 States working in the peace?
    I need a good Samaritan to answer/help me

    • 4 November 2015 08:17, by Redeemer

      The creation of 28 states is good because what you did on the 18th of Dec.2013 to Pariang and Abiemnom Dinka in Unity State will not repeat itself again. They should not remain victims for live, it happened in 1991 and again in 2013, enough is enough. No amount of threat will reverse it

  • 4 November 2015 05:28, by Eastern

    Let the guns fall silent from henceforth. Let the friends of South Sudan come forth to give a helping hand in nation building. Let our "leaders" do some soul searching so as to move the country forward. Let Dinkas, Nuers and Equatorians come together to join hands in lifting South Sudan!

  • 4 November 2015 08:11, by Kalo

    That is good move for South Sudanese people.
    Son Of Nuba.

    • 4 November 2015 12:09, by chuol

      Kalo Son of vulture or Nuba

      What involved you into our affairs?

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