Home | News    Monday 9 November 2015

S. Sudan’s armed opposition launches ruling party’s Ethiopian chapter


By Tesfa-Alem Tekle

November 8, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudan’s armed opposition faction led by first vice president designate Riek Machar announced on Sunday the establishment the first ruling Sudan’s Peoples Liberation Movement (SPLM) party chapter in Ethiopia.

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South Sudanese rebel leader Riek Machar looks on during an interview at his residence on August 31, 2015 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Photo AFP /Zacharias Abubeker)

Rebel officials told Sudan Tribune that opening a functional chapter in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa was crucial because the Horn of African country is the seat of the opposition movement where there are large numbers of party members.

Ethiopia currently hosts the largest number of South Sudanese refugees who crossed borders into the country to escape the December 2013 outbreak of conflict in the young nation.

The chapter has an aim of galvanising support from the South Sudanese community in Ethiopia towards the full implementation of the final peace accord signed in August between SPLM-led government and its opposition faction SPLM-IO.

The Addis Ababa SPLM chapter which is a political wing for political mobilization will also be engage in post-conflict reconciliation and healing back-up activities.

“We will use chapter to mobilize South Sudanese to rally behind the people’s movement and at the same time use it to embark on reconciliation and healing activities among South Sudanese communities’’ said Koat Gatkuoth Thoat Interim Chairperson of the charter.

“We also would establish contacts with other political groups and communities in order to create forums to discuss ways to bring back our people to loving each other and forget the pasts to coexist” he added.

The chapter was established under the order of the former vice president turned rebel leader, Riek Machar.

Koat called on all South Sudanese to embrace each other and begin to work for the recently compromised peace agreement.

“The time of war must end and start to reconcile our masses and this must start now” he added.


The final Security Arrangement between South Sudan warring factions was signed earlier this week following the compromised peace agreement signed in August that aimed to end two years long conflict in the youngest nation.

Agreement on security signed means the two sides would now start a real implementation of the permanent ceasefire and set up a transitional government before mid January 2016.

However South Sudanese in Ethiopia have mixed reaction over the peace agreement.

Approached by Sudan Tribune, South Sudanese in Addis Ababa although they welcome the signing by the warring factions but they doubt the signatory parties would take a firm a commitment to translate the agreement in to practice.

There were no celebrations here or at the camps over the recently signed agreement.

Most of the exiled South Sudanese say they will only start celebrations when both sides put letter in to action and implement the agreement faithfully.

“The signing as usual is not an end but a mean to halt the unrest. I encourage all of us (South Sudanese) to support our leaders on this critical implementation” said Gatwech Koak Nyuon.


Meanwhile, a South Sudanese advocacy group has appealed to the IGAD-Plus and the international community to closely monitor the full implementation of the agreement.

National Center for Human Right and Democratic Advocacy (NCHRDA) congratulated the people of South Sudan over the peace deal and lauded the tireless effort the IGAD-Plus mediation exerted throughout the times of the negotiations.

NCHRDA called for a tougher punishment to be imposed against any party that violates the terms of the agreement.

The group also applauded the Africa Union Commission of Inquiry (AUCISS) for the work they have done on the investigations of the crimes committed in South Sudan.


The NCHRDA further called on President Salva Kiir to reverse the decision on creation of 28 new states.

In a statement Sudan Tribune obtained, NCHRDA chair man Gatluak Michael Diew said the unilateral decision of president Kiir violates the signed peace accord, transitional constitution, and undermines both Legislative Assembly and the Council of States.

“It’s also against the will of the people since the decision was taken by the president unilaterally without consulting any organs of the government and the citizens themselves” he said.

Diew alleged claimed the unilateral decision has already created fresh rebellion and clan fighting specially in Upper Nile Chollo land and Warrap state, leaving over 100 civilians dead.

“The created states were decreed-out without feasibility study or census. It’s also annexed ancestral lands of other communities to their neighbors almost in more than 25 of 28 states” he added.

The group called on IGAD-Plus and the international community to put more pressure on president Kiir and hid government to immediately reverse the order issued on 2 October.


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Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 9 November 2015 10:36, by Agutthon

    Best example why the so-called SPLM must never be reunited. Shame on those who cling to that tag.

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  • 9 November 2015 12:06, by Akuma

    Riek is copying CPA 2005 style. He is just liar leader without vision for South Sudan but a food lover.

    Riek, you will not and would never be a leader in South Sudan. Please mark my word.

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    • 9 November 2015 13:56, by Son of Ngundeng

      A useless instead of (Akuma)
      Dr Machar will rule this country by all mean, because the problem of Dinka when they get a wise man they coudn’t sleep, because they knew he will let them lose.

      Son of Prophet
      Front line
      Pathay jonglei state.

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      • 10 November 2015 10:19, by Paul Ongee

        Who is a PhD holder staged a failed coup in 1991 and later orchestrated Bor massacre? Who is a PhD holder surrendered to Khartoum and signed KPA in 1997? Who is a PhD holder desperately wants to lead but not to be led? Who is a PhD holder abandoned his followers to be saved by Paulino Matip in Khartoum and returned to Dr. Garang in Nairobi in 2002 to be forgiven? It’s Riek Machar

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        • 10 November 2015 10:21, by Paul Ongee

          Who is a PhD holder obsessed with presidential position only in South Sudan? Who is a self-opinionated PhD holder addicted to rebellion and coupe d’état only in South Sudan, but not in Khartoum even if he signed a bogus agreement or things did not go well according to his will? Who is a visionless PhD holder interested only in leading RSS at any cost before he leaves this planet? It’s Riek Machar

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          • 10 November 2015 10:22, by Paul Ongee

            If indeed there was no failed coup attempt on December 15th, 2013 to lead South Sudan at any cost, then why did Riek Machar leave Juba in the first place after having realized that he has failed again as it happened in 1991 in Nasir and shortly knocked on the door of Bashir to allow him, hoping to star as a new political convert to Islamic NCP, believing he had massively struck SPLM/A in the back?

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            • 10 November 2015 10:23, by Paul Ongee

              Firing Riek from his VP position in July 2013 was a normal routine because of his poor record of loyalty and sacrifice to the movement/SPLM/A. He failed to remain loyal to Basir in Khartoum because he knew that he would never dethrone Omer Hassan Al-Bashir at any cost. He surrendered to Bashir in 1991, signed his accord after six solid years KPA-1997 and rushed to be forgiven by Dr. Garang in 2002

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              • 10 November 2015 10:23, by Paul Ongee

                Since he was forgiven in Nairobi and again in Juba at Nyandeng’s house and appointed VP in August 2005, the remaining next step for him, as he dreams, was to take over the top leadership position by force, not by democratic election as always the case. He strongly believes that it’s easy to take over power by force in RSS which later proved an uphill task on December 15th, 2013.

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                • 10 November 2015 10:25, by Paul Ongee

                  Riek Machar has his own political weakness which he often fails to see and analyze. He is aware of his poor political record since 1991. That’s why he always illusively struggles to be loyal to the SPLM/A only when he’s in an air-conditioned house or hotel. Riek knows perfectly well how he failed to remain loyal to the popular movement/SPLM/A, leave alone his Nasir faction - SSIM during…

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                  • 10 November 2015 10:25, by Paul Ongee

                    …the struggle and now he’s struggling again, as he did in 1991, to hijack the SPLM chairmanship from those who suffered tremendously for the sake of freedom. It was extremely disappointing for them when the two heads or PhD holders (Riek Machar and Lam Akol) ganged up against one PhD holder (Dr. John Garang de Mabior) and shamelessly end up in Khartoum, begging Bashir.

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                    • 10 November 2015 10:27, by Paul Ongee

                      South Sudanese who suffered under Khartoum Islamic regime in both different towns and areas during the war are better than Riek Machar who’s addicted to shifting allegiance at his disposal without considering that there is a difference between college degree and educated person. When the real PhD holder forgave him though not history, he should have remained patient to clear his poor political rec

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                      • 10 November 2015 10:28, by Paul Ongee

                        In addition, as he claims psychopathically to be when imitatively issuing decrees for appointing and relieving his officers, the Spokesperson of Riek Machar always refers Riek to the media as the SPLM Chairman and C-IN-C of the SPLA for reasons best known to him and their followers but falls short of calling Riek the President although the media organizations describe Riek as the rebel leader….

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                        • 10 November 2015 10:29, by Paul Ongee

                          ….. or SPLM-“in-opposition” because they know that Riek was just forgiven as the “lost sheep” after failing to star in the Islamic political arena, hoping to be appointed in the top leadership position in the South. The question is who was using his PhD wisely or strategically to free Southerners and other marginalized Sudanese from the Islamic regime in Khartoum, Riek Machar or John Garang?

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                          • 10 November 2015 10:30, by Paul Ongee

                            The so-called concluded “compromised” peace agreement is not intended to bring sustainable peace in South Sudan because the word “compromise” was only used by regional and international actors (not the warring parties) to ensure how they reached a “compromise” over using and financing Riek Machar (regardless of his political record) until another “third coup d’état” has succeeded in Juba city…

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                            • 10 November 2015 10:31, by Paul Ongee

                              …through the efforts of IGAD, AU, UN and UNMISS and a media conglomerate to bring down the democratically elected government deemed to be denying their geopolitical rights in South Sudan and the region. Time will tell if I am lying. The imposition of IGAD-Plus peace agreement upon South Sudanese to simply swallow it without realistic compromise is a recipe for another coup d’état or war.

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                              • 10 November 2015 10:32, by Paul Ongee

                                If it was really a “compromised” peace agreement, where and when did the warring parties consider Arusha Agreement first as a basis not only for restructuring and unifying the so-called SPLM Party factions (SPLM-Juba, SPLM-IO and SPLM-G-10/FDs) but for negotiating the key issues and mutually reaching a genuine compromise for bringing realistic and sustainable peace to south Sudanese?

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                                • 10 November 2015 10:33, by Paul Ongee

                                  Unlike marathon peace talks negotiated between SPLM and NCP in Nairobi, Kenya from 2002-2005, there was no any sign of realistic negotiations between the two warring parties. Any peace imposed upon RSS from Addis (New York or EU) will certainly fail, not only because of failed AAA of 1972 but because of prevailing double standards and conflict of interest shown by the regional & global actors.

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                                • 10 November 2015 10:36, by Paul Ongee

                                  Unlike marathon peace talks negotiated between SPLM and NCP in Nairobi, Kenya from 2002-2005, there was no any sign of realistic negotiations between the two warring parties. Any peace imposed upon RSS from Addis (New York or EU) will certainly fail, not only because of failed AAA of 1972 but because of prevailing double standards and conflict of interest shown by the regional & global actors.

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                                  • 10 November 2015 10:36, by Paul Ongee

                                    The current realistic peace, economic and political stability in the post-war western or eastern countries was not negotiated and imposed upon them by Africa or African leaders but built collectively by the citizens and leaders of those individual countries. It was the citizens of those countries who chose their leader(s) and determined their destiny in democratic elections.

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                                    • 10 November 2015 10:37, by Paul Ongee

                                      Africa only learned and appreciated the efforts and process taken to find acceptable and sustainable solutions to the root causes of war and political conflicts in Europe, Americas, Asia, WW1 and WW2. The west or east should only play a supporting role impartially, but not the opposite which is dominated by double standards, conflict of interest and above all.…

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                                      • 10 November 2015 10:38, by Paul Ongee

                                        ….biased western-funded propaganda machine, striving constantly to drive a wedge between Riek and Kiir, Nuer and Dinka without considering the realities and the ongoing domestic efforts dedicated to finding peaceful and sustainable solutions on the ground. Dinka and Nuer have been living and working together as brothers and sisters not only in the North but also in the South…..

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                                        • 10 November 2015 10:40, by Paul Ongee

                                          …..and will continue doing the same as one people, one destiny and one nation.
                                          The foreign policy of the West should encourage a PhD holder like Riek to face voters in a democratic election, not coup d’état and violent rebellion which claimed lives in 1991 and again in 2013. South Sudanese are ready to choose their leader based on his/her performance record, regardless of not or holding a PhD.

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