Home | Comment & Analysis    Saturday 6 February 2021

Museveni proposal for political ethnicization in South Sudan is wrong prescription

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

By Steve Paterno

I just came across a video clip of President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda addressing a delegation of the USA and UK on the situation about South Sudan. The meeting took place sometimes back in early December of last year. The delegation was seeking the advice of President Museveni on the situation of South Sudan. President Museveni suggested to the delegation that as a solution, he is pushing for elections in South Sudan.

Under the current South Sudan peace deal, the country is scheduled to conduct elections at the end of the interim period of three years. The elections are expected to transform the country from armed conflicts into a democratic civil rule.

In the ensuing elections, President Museveni said, he expects the leaders of South Sudan to be forced to form ethnic alliances among the Dinka, Nuer and Equatorians, in order to win elections in similar vein ethnic alliances shape Kenya’s elections. He dupes the process for South Sudan ethnic alliance as “kenyazition of South Sudan.” To him, that is a magic wand to rid South Sudan of conflicts, which is a result of “sectarian politics.” According to him, the ethnic alliance is the best solution to mitigate ethnic conflicts in nations like South Sudan and Kenya, where leaders fail to embrace political ideologies in fostering nationalism.

However, President Museveni reading of the current situation of South Sudan is not accurate or if anything, it is a premature assessment of the actual situation. Even though the current conflict in South Sudan appears to be ethnically based, the real political power dynamic lies on organized conflicting parties, which are partners to the peace agreement and will be participants to the anticipated elections, where President Museveni expects the parties to form ethnic alliances. The measured strengths or lack thereof, of these conflicting parties to the agreement, is armed based, not ethnically based. The party, which is better organized, armed wise, will carry the elections, hands-on. Therefore, ethnicity and ethnic alliances can never be a great factor in play in South Sudan upcoming elections.

It is these same organized armed parties, which will also determine the future politicking of South Sudan, as they will shape the process for formulation of viable political parties along the way for future South Sudan. Nevertheless, the danger is, as long as political parties remain armed organizations, the country will be characterized by violent conflicts throughout the future. The hope, though, lies in the nationalization of armed forces, the process, which will take years to materialize, certainly not in next cycles of anticipated elections.

President Museveni compares South Sudan to the practice of ethnic politics to Kenya for obvious reason. He views both South Sudan and Kenya as countries dominated by ethnic politics or “sectarian politics,” his favourite term. Regionally or in African in general, President Museveni fashioned himself as a revolutionary icon who rescues Uganda from “sectarian politics”—an exemplary leader that other African countries torn by ethnic conflicts to emulate. He brags that as a revolutionary fighter, he instils successful political ideology to Ugandans to foster nationalism and shun off “sectarian politics.”

Perhaps, President Museveni is right about his revolutionary legacy and zealotry, then, he also ought to know that South Sudan is born out of decades of history of revolutionary struggle; hence, the people of South Sudan are also endowed by revolutionary legacy and zealotry for the establishment of a prosperous nation-state, free of “sectarian politics.”

Therefore, ethnicization of South Sudan power politics is not the solution for South Sudan conflicts, at least for the foreseeable future. After a successful revolution against the Arab north, South Sudan is undergoing an evolutionary process toward building a prosperous nation-state. The process is a gradual one, from armed organized politics, through into civil organized political parties, not ethnically-based political parties as President Museveni could think and expect.



The views expressed in the 'Comment and Analysis' section are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not Sudan Tribune.

If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email it to comment@sudantribune.com

Sudan Tribune reserves the right to edit articles before publication. Please include your full name, relevant personal information and political affiliations.
Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.


The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.



Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


Crisis with woman’s face 2021-03-07 20:11:51 By Antonio Guterres As the world marks International Women’s Day in the midst of a global pandemic, one stark fact is clear: the COVID-19 crisis has a woman’s face. The pandemic is worsening (...)

Resolving insurgency in South Sudan’s Equatoria 2021-03-06 07:37:31 Comment on South Sudan Other War: Resolving the Insurgency in Equatoria Crisis Group Africa Briefing No 169, 25 February 2021. By Dr Lam Akol The International Crisis Group Africa Briefing No. (...)

The 6th Celebration of Zero Discrimination Day: Ending Inequalities! 2021-03-01 18:04:51 By: Bol Khan The 1st of March is a Zero Discrimination Day. It's a Day that holds a celebration aiming to end discrimination and inequalities against all vulnerable and minority groups. In (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


Sudan: Performing arts is not a crime, assaulting women and artists is! 2020-09-20 08:54:28 The Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA) Sudan is still struggling with militant Islamist ideology KHARTOUM: Central Khartoum Primary Court issued a verdict against five (...)

Civil Society Statement in Response to The Law of Various Amendments 2020-08-14 07:11:00 A Collaborative Civil Society Statement in Response to The Law of Various Amendments (Abolishing and Amending Provisions Restricting Freedom) – Exposing ‘a wolf in sheep’s clothing’ Sudanese women (...)

Remarks by SRF leaders at the Friend of Sudan meeting on peace 2020-08-13 07:58:58 Chairman of the Friends of Sudan Conference, Your Excellency, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, The Prime Minister of Sudan and the participating team from the (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2021 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.